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The acquisition of the multidrug resistance phenotype in human tumours is associated with an overexpression of the 170 kDa P-glycoprotein encoded by the multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) gene, and also with a 190 kDa membrane ATP-binding protein encoded by a multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) gene. Human bladder cancer is a highly malignant neoplasm(More)
A human bladder cancer cell line resistant to adriamycin (ADM), T24/ADM9 has been established in vitro by exposing T24 parent cells to progressively higher concentrations of the drug over a period of 12 months. The T24/ADM9 cells were found to be 9 times more resistant to ADM than the T24 parent, and showed various degrees of cross-resistance to an ADM(More)
A human bladder cancer cell line resistant to doxorubicin, KK47/ADM has been established in vitro by exposing KK47 parent cells to progressively higher concentrations of the drug over a period of 16 months. The KK47/ADM was 271 times more resistant to doxorubicin than the KK47 parent. The KK47/ADM exhibited cross-resistance to doxorubicin derivatives(More)
PURPOSE To elucidate the mechanisms of cisplatin resistance in human bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS After continuous exposure of KK47 cells to cisplatin, two resistant sublines, KK47/DDP10 and KK47/DDP20 were established. The glutathione content, glutathione S-transferase activity, and intracellular platinum concentration were measured while the(More)
We established three cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (cisplatin)-resistant cell lines, T24/DDP5, T24/DDP7, and T24/DDP10, by the stepwise exposure of T24 human bladder cancer cells to increasing concentrations of cisplatin. The resistance to cisplatin of T24/DDP5, T24/DDP7, and T24/DDP10 cells was 2.2-, 5.2-, and 8.4-fold that of the parental T24 cells,(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are small cysteine-rich, metal-binding proteins involved in resistance to heavy-metal toxicity, and are known to bind cisplatin. Several experiments suggest possible involvement of MT in cellular resistance to cisplatin. To investigate the relationship between MT expression and cisplatin resistance in urinary tract transitional cell(More)
The expression of the multidrug-resistance gene product, P-glycoprotein was examined immunohistochemically in 31 untreated human renal cell carcinomas. In 17 of these, chemosensitivity to Adriamycin and vinblastine was also assessed by a microtiter succinate dehydrogenase inhibition test and the correlation between the expression of P-glycoprotein and(More)
BACKGROUND Although the occupational exposure to some aromatic amines is recognized to cause bladder carcinoma, the long term effect of such exposure on the risk for disease, including other malignant tumors, remains unknown. METHODS A total of 442 dyestuff workers exposed to one or more substances including benzidine (BZ), beta-naphthylamine (beta-N),(More)
In 914 consecutive medical admissions to Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, the prevalence of infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus type I (HIV-I) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 2 (HIV-2) was 12.6%. The prevalence in females was twice that found in males. The infection rate was maximum in the age group 25-29 years for females (45%) and 30-34 years(More)
The expression of a multidrug-resistant (MDR) gene product, P-glycoprotein, was examined immunohistochemically in 41 transitional cell carcinomas (TCCs) of the urinary tract. In 23 of these, chemosensitivity to adriamycin (ADM) and vinblastine (VBL) was also assessed by a microtiter succinate dehydrogenase inhibition test and the correlation between the(More)