Shuji Kitajima

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Peroxiredoxin 4 (PRDX4) is one of a newly discovered family of antioxidative proteins. We generated human PRDX4 (hPRDX4) transgenic (Tg) mice, displaying a high level of hPRDX4 expression in the pancreatic islets, and then focused on the functions of PRDX4 in a type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) model using a single high dose of streptozotocin (SHDS). After(More)
BACKGROUND Macrophage metalloelastase (matrix metalloproteinase [MMP]-12) is upregulated in atherosclerotic lesions and aneurysm; thus, increased MMP-12 activity may play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. However, the pathological roles of MMP-12 in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis have not been defined. METHODS(More)
The life span and survival parameters of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) in a breeding colony at CLEA Japan, Inc. were investigated. The average life span of male marmosets was 148.5 ± 6.1 (mean ± SE) months of age (M), which was significantly longer (P < 0.01) than that of females (111.7 ± 6.0 M). Additionally, the male population reached 25-,(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the hydrolysis of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and plays an important role in glucose metabolism. To examine the hypothesis that increased LPL activity may alter insulin sensitivity, we investigated glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity in transgenic (Tg) rabbits expressing the human LPL gene(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important mediator in maintaining normal kidney functions. In addition, several lines of evidence suggest that upregulation of VEGF in glomeruli may be associated with or cause renal dysfunction such as diabetic nephropathy. For elucidation of the pathologic consequences of high levels of VEGF in glomeruli,(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) produced by macrophages is upregulated in the atherosclerotic lesions; however, it is not fully understood whether increased macrophage-derived LPL is pro-atherogenic. To examine the hypothesis that macrophage-derived LPL in the arterial wall enhances atherosclerotic lesion formation, we generated transgenic (Tg) rabbits that(More)
OBJECTIVE Apolipoprotein (apo) A-II is the second major apo of high-density lipoproteins, yet its pathophysiological roles in the development of atherosclerosis remain unknown. We aimed to examine whether apo A-II plays any role in atherogenesis and, if so, to elucidate the mechanism involved. METHODS AND RESULTS We compared the susceptibility of human(More)
Laboratory animal models play an important role in the study of human diseases. Using appropriate animals is critical not only for basic research but also for the development of therapeutics and diagnostic tools. Rabbits are widely used for the study of human atherosclerosis. Because rabbits have a unique feature of lipoprotein metabolism (like humans but(More)
Whether fatty streaks are directly followed by fibrous plaque formation in atherosclerosis remains controversial. Disruption of the basement membrane and elastic layers is thought to be essential for this process. Matrix metalloproteinase 12 (MMP-12) can degrade a broad spectrum of substrates, but the role of MMP-12 in the early stage of atherosclerosis is(More)
This study was conducted to investigate whether soy lecithin can be used as an alternative cryoprotectant to establish a procedure that does not require the use of egg yolk to cryopreserve rabbit strains. Semen from Japanese White rabbits was frozen with HEPES extender containing 20% egg yolk (EYH), 0.5% (Lec-0.5), 1.5% (Lec-1.5), 2.5% (Lec-2.5), or 3.5%(More)