Learn More
DNA microarrays with isotope labeling from gene-specific primers enable sensitive detection of rare mRNAs, including neurotrophin and cytokine mRNAs in the brain. Using high-quality RNA from postmortem brains, gene-expression profiles covering 1373 genes were assessed in the dorsoprefrontal cortex of schizophrenic patients and compared with those of(More)
We screened a custom-made candidate gene cDNA array comprising 300 genes. Genes chosen have either been implicated in schizophrenia, make conceptual sense in the light of the current understanding of the disease, or are located on high-susceptibility chromosome locations. The array screen using prefrontal cortex tissue from 10 schizophrenia and 10 control(More)
Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and corticobasal degeneration (CBD) are neurodegenerative diseases that are characterized by intracytoplasmic aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau with four microtubule-binding repeats. Although PSP and CBD have distinctive pathological features, no biochemical difference in aggregated tau has been identified. In this(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated the involvements of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmitter systems in the schizophrenic brain. In order to further elucidate the alterations of this system in schizophrenia, we employed immunohistochemical techniques and examined the expression and anatomical distribution of the GABA(B) receptor in the hippocampus(More)
Immunocytochemical techniques were employed to examine the changes in immunolabeling of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)B receptor within the entorhinal cortex and inferior temporal isocortex of the schizophrenic brain. In the entorhinal cortex of the control subjects, an intense immunoreactivity was observed in the soma and processes of stellate cells in(More)
The biological actions of extracellular nucleotides are mediated by two distinct classes of P2 receptor, P2X and P2Y. The G protein-coupled P2Y receptors comprise five mammalian subtypes, P2Y(1-11). The P2Y1 subtype is expressed abundantly throughout the human brain and is specifically localized to neuronal structures. In the present study, the distribution(More)
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is characterized by repetitive, involuntary, and purposeless movements that develop in patients treated with long-term dopaminergic antagonists, usually antipsychotics. By a genome-wide association screening of TD in 50 Japanese schizophrenia patients with treatment-resistant TD and 50 Japanese schizophrenia patients without TD(More)
Abnormal phosphorylation of tau is a feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD), which develops prematurely in Down syndrome (DS) patients. Cognitive impairment is also recognized as a clinical characteristic of schizophrenia, which does not appear to be associated with tau-aggregate formation. Several kinases can phosphorylate tau in cell-free assays. Here we(More)
Phosphorylated and proteolytically cleaved TDP-43 is a major component of the ubiquitin-positive inclusions in the most common pathological subtype of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD-U). Intracellular accumulation of TDP-43 is observed in a subpopulation of patients with other dementia disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia with(More)
A 57-year-old woman showed progressive sensory aphasia as an initial symptom, and then developed total aphasia within 6 years and, finally, severe dementia. Neuropathologically, the cerebral cortex was most severely affected in the superior and transverse temporal gyri, and subsequently in the inferior frontal gyrus, especially in the pars opercularis. The(More)