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BACKGROUND Recently, many Japanese physicians have claimed that oseltamivir is less effective in children with influenza B virus infection. This study assesses the effectiveness of oseltamivir against influenza A (H3N2) and influenza B in children on the basis of the duration of febrile illness. METHODS We used oseltamivir to treat 127 children with(More)
A 70-year-old woman developed a headache for a month followed by right upper limb weakness. CT scan and MRI showed multiple ring-enhancing lesions. An intracerebral aspiration of an abscess was performed, but culture results were negative. The nucleotide sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA gene from the specimens identified Streptococcus intermedius. Given(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the immune status of healthcare workers (HCWs) against measles, rubella, mumps, and varicella in Japan, and to promote an adequate vaccination program among HCWs. SETTING University of Tokyo Hospital. PARTICIPANTS Eight hundred seventy-seven HCWs. DESIGN Serologic screening for measles, rubella, mumps, and varicella was(More)
CONTEXT Very little is known about the frequency of generation and transmissibility of influenza B viruses with reduced sensitivity to neuraminidase inhibitors. Furthermore, transmission of resistant virus, whether influenza A or B, has not been recognized to date. OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence and transmissibility of influenza B viruses with reduced(More)
The extensive use of neuraminidase (NA) inhibitors to treat influenza virus infections mandates close monitoring for resistant variants. Cultured cells do not provide a reliable means of evaluating the susceptibility of human influenza virus isolates to NA inhibitors. That is, the growth of such viruses in cell lines (e.g., Madin-Darby canine kidney [MDCK](More)
Dengue fever, one of the common endemic viral fevers, often presents with fever, rash, and mild liver dysfunction. However, plasma leakage induced by dengue virus infection can lead to dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome, and it can cause severe complications including liver failure and encephalopathy. Infection of dengue virus with other(More)
Concerns have arisen recently about the possible use of smallpox for a bioterrorism attack. Routine smallpox vaccination was discontinued in Japan in 1976; however, it is uncertain exactly how long vaccination-induced immunity lasts. We sought to evaluate the seroprevalence and intensity of anti-smallpox immunity among representatives of the present(More)
OBJECTIVES Thrombocytopenia is sometimes observed during linezolid therapy. Here, we aimed to investigate the factors affecting linezolid-induced thrombocytopenia. METHODS A prospective observational study was performed between October 2009 and February 2011; 30 patients were included. Plasma linezolid trough concentrations were measured on days 3, 7 and(More)
Influenza A viruses resistant to adamantanes(amantadine and rimantadine) have drastically increased in the last few years. Moreover, these adamantane-resistant viruses have acquired resistance without compromising viral pathogenicity and transmissibility. Viruses resistant to the other anti-influenza drugs, neuraminidase (NA) inhibitors, have also been(More)