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In the developing vertebrate nervous system, multipotent neural stem cells produce both neurons and glia. OLIG2 is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that plays critical roles in oligodendrocyte and motor neuron development; however, its role in astrocytic development remains elusive. In this study, we analyzed an effect of OLIG2 on(More)
The authors present the case of a 78-year-old man who presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage due to rupture of an aneurysm at the origin of the persistent primitive olfactory artery (PPOA). Interestingly, the PPOA was originating from the A1 segment of the anterior cerebral artery and coursed anteromedially along the olfactory tract. Moreover, the PPOA in(More)
We have developed a prototype network switch, RHiNET-3/SW, for a RHiNET high-performance distributed parallel computing environment. It has eight I/O ports and each port provides high-speed, bi-directional 10-Gbit/s-per-port parallel optical data transmission in a distance of over 300 m. The aggregatc throughput is 80 Gbit/s per board. A switch consists of(More)
A 66-year-old woman with primary Sjogren syndrome developed syringomyelia following two episodes of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to the rupture of basilar artery aneurysms. Gait disturbance and abnormal sensation with pain over the foot and abdomen appeared 3 years after the last SAH. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed a syringomyelia throughout(More)
Blood blister-like aneurysms (BBAs) tend to have a more precipitous clinical course, enlarging rapidly and rebleeding frequently. Nevertheless, they often present a diagnostic challenge because of the characteristic morphological features of a wide neck and shallow outpouching of the medial wall. The authors present the case of a 34-year-old woman who(More)
BACKGROUND Parent artery occlusion for intractable aneurysms or sinus packing for dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) is sometimes difficult and requires many expensive coils to accomplish complete occlusion. To help solve these problems, we reviewed our experience using 0.035-inch coil (0.035 coil; Boston Scientific, San Leandro, CA, USA), which has been(More)
BACKGROUND Although transvenous embolization (TVE) is an effective method for treating dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF), directing the catheter to the lesion site is difficult. OBJECTIVE We report on the utility of a quadruple coaxial catheter system for TVE. MATERIALS AND METHODS The quadruple catheter system comprised a 6 Fr guiding sheath, 6 Fr(More)
The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) on barrier functions and to assess the underlying mechanism using an in vitro blood-brain barrier (BBB) model comprised of a primary culture of rat brain capillary endothelial cells (RBECs). GLP-1 increased transendothelial electrical resistance and decreased(More)
Intraoperative angiography (IOA) is employed for the treatment of the complicated cases in neurological surgery. The IOA is usually performed with OEC portable digital subtraction angiography (DSA) unit. We are performing IOA with portable fluoroscopy unit with simple DSA function and report its usefulness on neurosurgical treatment. IOA or hybrid treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is a well-accepted treatment for atherosclerotic stenosis of carotid arteries. Since the occurrence of distal embolization with CAS is still a major concern embolus protection devices (EPD) are usually employed during the procedure. We examined two types of embolus protection filters (Angioguard XP (AG); Filterwire EZ(More)