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To evaluate the effects of dietary fats on breast cancer growth and metastasis, KPL-1 human breast carcinoma cells which have a propensity for axillary lymph node metastasis when inoculated into the thoracic mammary fat pad of female nude mice were examined. The mice were fed one of three semipurified diets containing 9.5% eicosapentaenoic acid plus 0.5%(More)
Exosomes are nanovesicles produced constitutively and inducibly by several types of cells. They are generated as intraluminal vesicles of multivesicular bodies and express MHC and several endosomal/lysosomal proteins. In spite of their potential role in cellular immunity, the regulatory mechanisms of exosome production are largely unknown. In this study, we(More)
The objective of this study was to clarify the relationship between the serum level of the Lens culinaris agglutinin A-reactive fraction of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP-L3) and the clinical features including sex, age, Child's classification, virus markers, tumour size, tumour stage, distant metastasis, histopathologic findings, portal thrombus and outcome of(More)
AZD7762, a potent Chk1/Chk2 inhibitor, has shown chemosensitizing activity with gemcitabine in xenograft models. This open-label, Phase I, dose-escalation study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK) and preliminary efficacy (RECIST) of AZD7762 alone and in combination with gemcitabine in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumours (NCT00937664).(More)
INTRODUCTION: AZD4877 is a potent Eg5 inhibitor that has been shown to have an acceptable tolerability profile in a Phase I study of Western patients with solid tumors. This study was conducted to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetic (PK) profile, maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and efficacy of AZD4877 in a Japanese population with solid tumors. METHODS: In(More)
BACKGROUND Bevacizumab (BV) is widely used in chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Although specific adverse events have been observed, their risk factors have not been clarified. PATIENTS AND METHODS 178 mCRC patients who underwent chemotherapy were retrospectively examined and correlations between possible risk factors and adverse(More)
In order to define the most effective combination schedule of oxaliplatin (L-OHP) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), we investigated the in vitro interaction between these drugs in a panel of four human gastric adenocarcinoma cell lines (MKN-1, NUGC-3, NUGC-5 and AZ-521). Cytotoxic activity was determined by the WST-1 assay. Different schedules of the two drugs(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between HLA-DRB1 genotypes and the progression of bone destruction in Japanese patients with RA. METHODS The HLA-DRB1 alleles were determined by polymerase chain reaction and allele specific oligonucleotide probe techniques in 160 Japanese patients with RA. HLA-DR 0101, 0401, 0404, 0405, 1001 and 1402 were regarded as(More)
Immunohistochemical detection of estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER and PgR, respectively) was performed in 67 cases of Japanese female invasive breast carcinoma on methacarn-fixed paraffin-embedded sections using monoclonal antibodies against ER (1D5) and PgR (10A9) with an antigen-retrieval technique based on microwave exposure in citrate buffer(More)
Extrapulmonary neuroendocrine carcinomas (EPNEC) are rarely observed and are associated with poor outcomes. Based on the clinicopathological similarity, treatment used for small cell lung carcinoma has also been employed for EPNEC, but the response to such therapy has not been well examined. The goal of this study was to investigate amrubicin (AMR)(More)