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Uveal melanomas are highly metastatic and have high rate of recurrence due to the lack of effective systemic therapy. The identification of important survival pathways in uveal melanomas provides novel therapeutic targets for effective treatment. In the present study, we found that the NF-κB signaling pathway was constitutively and highly activated in uveal(More)
Metformin, which is widely used as an antidiabetic agent, has recently been reported to reduce cancer risk and improve prognosis in certain malignancies. However, the specific mechanisms underlying the effect of metformin on the development and progression of several cancers including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remain unclear. In the present study,(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been the focus of intense investigations in cancer research although the cellular origin of CSCs has not been clearly determined. Lgr5 is a regulated target of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, which was first identified as a marker of intestinal stem cells. However, the expression of Lgr5 in human colorectal cancer (CRC) and its(More)
Toll-like receptors are well known as molecular sensors of pathogen-associated molecular patterns. They control activation of the innate immune response and subsequently shape the adaptive immune response. Recent publications have demonstrated that Toll-like receptors also play important roles in multiple human cancers, yet their function in oral squamous(More)
Apoptosis constitutes a system for the removal of aged, or damaged cells, which is regulated by the interplay of pro-apoptotic and antiapoptotic proteins. Previous study has shown that Juvenile Batten disease protein, CLN3, is antiapoptotic gene in NT2 neuronal precursor cells and a few types of cancers. However, in colorectal cancer, whether CLN3 also play(More)
FOXP3 is a member of the forkhead/winged-helix family of transcriptional regulators which plays a key role in CD4+CD25+ regulatory T-cell (Tregs) function and represents a specific marker for these cells. In order to understand the functional role of FOXP3 and identify Tregs both in normal development and relevant diseases, protein-DNA and protein-protein(More)
Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) modification is an important post-translational protein modification that can be reversed by SUMO-specific proteases (SENPs); however, the physiological function of SENPs remains largely unexplored, and little is known about the regulation of SENPs themselves. As one of the crucial members of the SUMO system, SENP3 is(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a critical problem due to immunosuppressant related nephrotoxicity in liver transplant (LTx) recipients, especially in patients with pre-transplant risk factors. LTx recipients with uraemia and diabetes have poor prognosis even when treated with dialysis and insulin. Simultaneous pancreas and(More)
AIMS Gambogic acid (GA) is one of active components of Chinese medicine gamboges resin. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a most serious microvascular complication of diabetes and also the leading cause of blindness. The aim of this study is to evaluate the beneficial effect of GA on diabetes-induced retinal angiogenesis and further explore the potential(More)
Cynomolgus macaques are relevant models for human diseases and transplantation. In each case, a complete understanding of these models requires knowledge of the macaque major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Because of high polymorphism and multiple genes per haplotype, it has been difficult to develop a rapid typing method for cynomolgus monkey MHC class(More)
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