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BACKGROUND On March 30, a novel influenza A subtype H7N9 virus (A/H7N9) was detected in patients with severe respiratory disease in eastern China. Virological factors associated with a poor clinical outcome for this virus remain unclear. We quantified the viral load and analysed antiviral resistance mutations in specimens from patients with A/H7N9. (More)
The mechanism of latent tuberculosis (TB) infection remains elusive. Several host factors that are involved in this complex process were previously identified. Micro RNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous ∼22 nt RNAs that play important regulatory roles in a wide range of biological processes. Several studies demonstrated the clinical usefulness of miRNAs as(More)
A unique avian-origin A/H7N9 influenza virus has so far caused 134 cases with 44 deaths. Probing the host factors contributing to disease severity, we found that lower levels of plasma inflammatory cytokines on hospital admission correlated with faster recovery in 18 patients with A/H7N9 influenza virus, whereas high concentrations of (in particular) IL-6,(More)
Human mastocytosis is characterized by increased mast cells. It usually occurs as a sporadic disease that is often transient and limited in children and persistent or progressive in adults. The c-KIT protooncogene encodes KIT, a tyrosine kinase that is the receptor for mast cell growth factor. Because mutated KIT can transform cells, we examined c-KIT in(More)
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is an ideal platform for the metabolic analysis of biofluids due to its high reproducibility, nondestructiveness, nonselectivity in metabolite detection, and the ability to simultaneously quantify multiple classes of metabolites. Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic wasting inflammatory disease characterized by(More)
Mastocytosis is characterized by accumulations of mast cells in various organs (1). Most cases are indolent and confined to the skin, where discrete mast cell infiltrates are associated increased epidermal melanin, a clinical picture known as urticaria pigmentosa (UP). Other forms of mastocytosis combine UP with aggressive involvement of other organs or(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Studies have shown that bacterial plaque and the associated gingival inflammation increase the severity of gingival overgrowth induced by cyclosporine-A (CsA). This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the effect of CsA on the activities of MMPs from the co-culture of human gingival fibroblasts and U937 macrophages in the presence or(More)
OBJECTIVE Abundant evidence has demonstrated that long-term cytokine-mediated inflammation is a risk factor for obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Our previous study reveals a significant association between promoter polymorphisms of Th2-derived cytokine interleukin-4 (IL-4) and T2DM, which suggests possible roles of IL-4 in metabolism. In this(More)
Avian influenza is one of the most dangerous contagions in poultry worldwide, and avian influenza A viruses are the major pathogens responsible. Outbreaks of H7N9, a strain of the avian influenza A virus H7 subtype, have increasingly been reported in several countries since 2007. This spring, H7N9 broke out in China and has thus far caused 24 cases of(More)
In March 2013, the cases of human infection with influenza A of H7N9 subtype were first reported. Preliminary data suggested that the H7N9 isolates are sensitive to neuraminidase inhibitors, such as oseltamivir, which is the recommended choice of treatment. On April 2(nd), a 56-year-old male patient was presented with fever and cough to our hospital. He had(More)