Shuichi Obata

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Disc formation of rod photoreceptor cells in developing BALB/c mice retinas was studied by rapid freeze, freeze-substitution, freeze-etching, immunocytochemistry, and myosin S-1 decoration methods. Freeze-substituted photoreceptor cells contained variously shaped vesicles in the apical swelling of the connecting cilium or the base of the outer segment(More)
When cybrids with a point mutation, which locates in the tRNALeu(UUR) gene of mtDNA and causes a mitochondrial encephalomyopathy (MELAS syndrome), were exposed to a high concentration of oxygen (95%), the peroxide production markedly increased by 6 h of oxygen exposure, whereas the peroxide production was similar among the cybrids under a normal(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX) has been cloned from the phyla Cnidaria, Mollusca, Arthropoda, and Chordata of the animal kingdom. Many organisms have multiple COX isoforms that have arisen from gene duplication. It is not well understood why there are multiple COX isoforms in the same organism, or when duplication of the COX gene occurred. Here, we summarize the(More)
The accumulation of classical cadherins is essential for their function, but the mechanism is poorly understood. Hence, we investigated the accumulation of E- and N-cadherin and the formation of cell junctions in epithelial cells. Immunostaining revealed a scattered dot-like accumulation of E- and N-cadherin throughout the lateral membrane in MDCK II and(More)
The 5F9A cell, which is a mesenchymal stem cell-like clone established from rat bone marrow substrate adherent cells, can differentiate into adipocytes and osteoblasts in vitro under the appropriate conditions. Multinucleated cells could be also induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) in 5F9A cells. This effect was mediated by protein kinase(More)
The role of the juxtamembrane region of the desmocollin-2 cytoplasmic domain in desmosome formation was investigated by using gene knockout and reconstitution experiments. When a deletion construct of the desmocollin-2 juxtamembrane region was expressed in HaCaT cells, the mutant protein became localized linearly at the cell-cell boundary, suggesting the(More)
During vertebrate cardiac development, the heart tube formed by fusion of right and left presumptive cardiac mesoderms (PCMs) undergoes looping toward the right, resulting in an asymmetrical heart. Here, we examined the right and left PCMs with regard to heart-tube looping using right- and left-half newt embryos (Cynops pyrrhogaster ). In the half embryos,(More)
We previously reported the expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in draining lymph nodes during carrageenin-induced pleurisy of rats. Here, we analyzed histological and immunohistochemical characteristics of COX-2-expressing cells. After carrageenin administration into the pleural cavity of rats, parathymic lymph nodes were enlarged beginning at 8h and(More)
The role of p120-catenin in the function of classical cadherins is still enigmatic despite various studies. To elucidate its role, we examined the effect of p120-catenin on the N-cadherin-mediated localization of junctional proteins in epithelial cells in this study. Cadherin-deficient MIA PaCa-2 epithelial cells did not show linear localization of tight(More)
Gene editing methods were applied to the study of E-cadherin function in epithelial cells. The E-cadherin gene in epithelial DLD-1 cells was ablated using TALEN. The resultant cells showed round fibroblast-like morphology and had almost no Ca(2+)-dependent cell aggregation activity. E-cadherin re-expression in the knockout cells restored epithelial cell(More)