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Implantation of demineralized bone powder (DBP) in muscle or connective tissue stimulates chondrogenesis followed by ectopic bone formation, in this way inducing the differentiation of endochondral bone. A new 3-dimensional in vitro composite sponge was designed to duplicate the packing density of in vivo DBP implants. The composite device, which consists(More)
Immortalized human chondrocytes were established by transfection of primary cultures of juvenile costal chondrocytes with vectors encoding simian virus 40 large T antigen and selection in suspension culture over agarose. Stable cell lines were generated that exhibited chondrocyte morphology, continuous proliferative capacity (> 80 passages) in monolayer(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal production of three-dimensional cartilage in vitro requires both inductive factors and specified culture conditions (e.g., hydrostatic pressure [HP], gas concentration, and nutrient supply) to promote cell viability and maintain phenotype. In this study, we optimized the conditions for human cartilage induction using human(More)
We designed and tested a three-dimensional device composed of demineralized bone powder (DBP) packed within a bilaminate sponge as an in vitro model for chondroinduction induced by DBP. Control bovine articular chondrocytes deposited cartilage matrix when cultured in these sponges. Human dermal fibroblasts that were seeded onto the composite sponge migrated(More)
It has been proposed that cytokines mediate the acceleration of bone loss following menopause. Because of the intimate relationship between bone marrow stromal cells and bone tissue, it is possible that marrow cells and their products contribute to the bone microenvironment and influence the regulation of bone cell differentiation and activity. We examined(More)
Endochondral bone formation is induced by demineralized bone powder (DBP) when DBP is implanted subcutaneously in rodents. Previously, we developed an in vitro model of this process, wherein human dermal fibroblasts (hDFs) differentiate to chondrocytes when cultured in a three-dimensional porous collagen sponge containing DBP. In other studies, medium(More)
Various culture systems have been used for examining the anabolic and catabolic functions of isolated chondrocytes as well as for tissue engineering purposes. Perfusion or frequent medium change is beneficial for three-dimensional (3D) cultures of many cell types. In this study, bovine articular chondrocytes (bACs) were grown in 3D collagen sponges with or(More)
Tissue engineering to replace or repair damaged tissues using three-dimensional cell constructs is a promising approach to promote tissue regeneration de novo. The production of cell constructs is a critical process for maintaining cell viability and phenotypes in vitro prior to surgical treatment. We have developed a novel hydrostatic pressure(More)
Treatment options for damaged articular cartilage are limited because of that tissue's poor capacity for repair. Possible approaches to this problem are to stimulate cartilage matrix production in situ or to engineer replacement tissue. Both of these approaches would benefit from a detailed understanding of the molecular mechanisms of chondroblast(More)
With advancing age, an increase in bone resorption relative to bone formation results in bone loss. Bone marrow stromal cells and their products support osteoclastogenesis from hematopoietic progenitors. Another of their products, osteoprotegerin (OPG), blocks the osteoclast-stimulatory effects of OPG ligand. We tested the hypothesis that with advancing age(More)