Shuichi Miyamoto

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Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) is a key protein that orchestrates the arrangement of DNA-processing proteins on DNA during DNA metabolism. In crenarchaea, PCNA forms a heterotrimer (PCNA123) consisting of PCNA1, PCNA2, and PCNA3, while in most eukaryotes and many archaea PCNAs form a homotrimer. Interestingly, unique oligomeric PCNAs from(More)
We present an approach for building protein backbones from alpha-carbon (Calpha) coordinates. The approach is analytical and based on the information of favored regions in the Ramachandran map. The backbone construction consists of three parts: prediction of (phi, psi) angle pairs from the Calpha trace, generation of atomic coordinates with these (phi, psi)(More)
Crenarchaeal PCNA is known to consist of three subunits (PCNA1, PCNA2 and PCNA3) that form a heterotrimer (PCNA123). Recently, another heterotrimeric PCNA composed of only PCNA2 and PCNA3 was identified in Sulfolobus tokodaii strain 7 (stoPCNAs). In this study, the purified stoPCNA2-stoPCNA3 complex was crystallized by hanging-drop vapour diffusion. The(More)
Sodium 4-phenylbutyrate (PB) is clinically used as a drug for treating urea cycle disorders. Recent research has shown that PB also has other pharmacologic activities, suggesting that it has the potential for use as a drug for treating other disorders. In the process of drug development, preclinical testing using experimental animals is necessary to verify(More)
In an attempt to promptly use the experimentally determined structures of proteins in modeling studies, we have developed the program ReconstC alpha to generate the 3D coordinates of alpha-carbon atoms from a pair of stereographic figures. Calculations of the 3D coordinates were performed by estimating the stereo parameters systematically. Geometrical(More)
Uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG) specifically removes uracil from DNA by catalyzing hydrolysis of the N-glycosidic bond, thereby initiating the base-excision repair pathway. Although a number of UDG structures have been determined, the structure of archaeal UDG remains unknown. In this study, a deletion mutant of UDG isolated from Sulfolobus tokodaii strain 7(More)
Globomycin (1), a 19-membered cyclic depsipeptide, exhibited an antibiotic activity against gram-negative bacteria by inhibiting signal peptidase II in the cytoplasmic membrane. Although only one conformation of 1 was observed for the crystal structure, it was revealed by 1H NMR spectroscopic analysis that 1 exists as a mixture of two rotational isomers in(More)
During pasteurization and storage of albumin products, Sodium octanoate (Oct) and N-acethyl-l-tryptophan (N-AcTrp) are used as the thermal stabilizer and the antioxidant for human serum albumin (HSA), respectively. We recently reported that N-acethyl-l-methionine (N-AcMet) is an antioxidant for HSA, which is superior to N-AcTrp when it is especially exposed(More)
Three-dimensional models of the gelatinase catalytic domains were built from collagenase structures by the homology modeling technique. The docking of different types of inhibitors was then studied in an attempt to obtain structural insight into their binding modes. In the case of an amide compound docked with gelatinase A, almost the same binding mode was(More)
Uracil-DNA glycosylases (UDGs) excise uracil from DNA by catalyzing the N-glycosidic bond hydrolysis. Here we report the first crystal structures of an archaeal UDG (stoUDG). Compared with other UDGs, stoUDG has a different structure of the leucine-intercalation loop, which is important for DNA binding. The stoUDG-DNA complex model indicated that Leu169,(More)
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