Shuichi Ban

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If A-bomb survivors include a disproportionately large number of either radioresistant or radiosensitive persons, the surviving population would provide a biased estimate of the true risk of radiogenic cancer. To test this hypothesis, the in vitro X-ray sensitivities of peripheral blood lymphocytes obtained from 937 A-bomb survivors were measured with a(More)
In vitro X-irradiation of human peripheral blood lymphocytes increased the frequencies of fluorodeoxyuridine-induced fragile sites in a dose-related manner. However, the cells from 30 atomic bomb survivors exposed to either high or low radiation doses 47 years earlier showed no demonstrable difference in fragile site expression, indicating that fragile site(More)
The BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene products are believed to play an important part in the onset and/or development of many sporadic mammary cancers. Recently, it has been reported that these two proteins contribute to a centrosome function which is believed to help maintain the integrity of the chromosome segregation process. This may mean a reduced level of the(More)
In this paper, we d e v eloped two noble mechanisms for improving the motions of humanoid robots. The double spherical hip joint p r o vides the equivalent f u n c-tion of waist joints without actually adding them. The backlush clutch is a new drive mechanism for knee joints of humanoid robots, which enables switching between drive and free modes. We d e v(More)
Two groups of normal human blood cells, one stimulated with phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) for 24 hr (G1-S phase of the cell cycle) and one unstimulated (G0 phase), were irradiated with 60Co gamma rays or 252Cf radiation. A comparison of radiation-induced micronucleus frequencies showed that the high-dose-rate gamma rays were more effective in inducing(More)
In this study we sought to confirm the radiosensitivity of human peripheral blood lymphocyte subpopulations using a micronucleus assay. Mononucleated cells isolated from peripheral blood were irradiated with X rays. After being cultured for 3 days, cells were fixed and stained using the immunoperoxidase staining technique. Lymphocyte subpopulations were(More)
The frequency distribution of the lineal energy, y, of a 290 MeV/u carbon beam was measured to obtain the dose-weighted mean of y and compare it with the linear energy transfer (LET). In the experiment, a wall-less tissue-equivalent proportional counter (TEPC) in a cylindrical volume with a simulated diameter of 0.72 microm was used. The measured frequency(More)
The frequency distributions of the lineal energy, y, of 160 MeV proton, 150 MeV/u helium, and 490 MeV/u silicon ion beams were measured using a wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter (TEPC) with a site size of 0.72 µm. The measured frequency distributions of y as well as the dose-mean values, y(D), agree with the corresponding data calculated(More)
Fibroblasts were established in vitro from skin biopsies obtained from 55 women and 1 man with or without breast cancer and with or without exposure to radiation from the atomic bomb explosion in Hiroshima. The radiosensitivity of these cells was evaluated by clonogenic assays after exposure to X-rays or to fission neutrons from a 252Cf source. Data were(More)
HeLa MR cells were exposed to radiation emitted from a man-made spontaneously fissioning isotope, californium-252. The neutron to gamma-ray ratio in the radiation dose was measured to be 2.0. The extrapolation number of the dose-survival curve was 1.3 and the Do was 200 cGy. A dose-dependent increase in mutation to 6-TGr (6-thioguanine resistant) was(More)