Shui-yuan Xiao

Learn More
OBJECTIVE The authors examined the prevalence and distribution of mental disorders in rural Chinese 15-34 years of age who committed suicide. They hypothesized that mental illness is a risk factor for suicide in this population and that the prevalence of mental illness is lower in females than in males. METHOD In this case-control psychological autopsy(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the influences of socio-economic, health services, cultural beliefs, and symptoms on health seeking behavior of tuberculosis patients attending county tuberculosis dispensaries in rural Hunan province of China. METHODS A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted in 4 counties randomly stratified by economic status from 122(More)
With the smoking epidemic in China, the role that health care providers (HCPs) could play in tobacco control will be critical. As a preliminary step, this study identified smoking behavior, knowledge, attitudes, and practice (KAP) regarding smoking and smoking control among HCPs in Changsha city, China. The study design was cross-sectional. The instruments(More)
OBJECTIVES To understand the reasons behind gifting and sharing cigarettes in China's rural areas and how these practices contribute to smoking initiation and hamper smoking cessation efforts. METHODS A convenience sample of 31 current smokers and nonsmokers was selected from a rural farming town in Hunan, China. Participants were divided into 6 focus(More)
BACKGROUND Several national and regional epidemiological studies in China have reported increases in the prevalence of alcohol use disorders over the past 3 decades. METHODS This cross-sectional study conducted in 2007 identified 11,884 male subjects aged 18 to 60 years using multi-stage randomized cluster sampling methods in 2 rural communities in China(More)
OBJECTIVES Quantitative measurement of the prevalence of cigarette sharing and gifting in a town in rural China and evaluation of the impact of these practices on individual smoking habits and family expenditures. METHODS An interview-based cross-sectional study of 105 households in rural Hunan, China tabulated household cigarette gifting and(More)
BACKGROUND Suicide is the fifth most important cause of death in China and the leading cause of death among young adults aged 15-34 years. The suicide rate in rural China is three times higher than the urban suicide rate, and the rate in women is higher than in men. METHODS Sixteen counties from three provinces were selected as sampling sites in which 392(More)
INTRODUCTION China produces and consumes more tobacco than any other country in the world and as such is at the forefront of the world tobacco epidemic. Many studies have recently emerged that directly or indirectly reference the acts of giving and sharing cigarettes as a major contributor to China's high tobacco usage. The goal of this report is to review(More)
OBJECTIVE To understand the prevalence and risk factors for suicidal ideation among college students and to provide a scientific basis for promoting psychological health and suicide prevention. METHODS 623 college students at Central South University were selected using stratified cluster sampling and administered a suicide ideation questionnaire, a(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the mental health burdens faced by people living with HIV in China is instrumental in the development of successful targeted programs for psychological support and care. METHODS Using multiple Chinese and English literature databases, we conducted a systematic review of observational research (cross-sectional, case-control, or(More)