Shui Yuan Cheng

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Sustained Sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway activity is associated with tumorigenesis in a wide variety of tissues. Mutational inactivation of Shh receptor Patched (Ptch) and a downstream gene Suppressor of fused (Sufu), both of which are negative regulators of the pathway, increases susceptibility to cerebellum cancer in humans and mice. Sufu is a binding(More)
Anthocyanidin synthase (ANS, leucoanthocyanidin oxygenase), a 2-oxoglutarate iron-dependent oxygenase, catalyzed the penultimate step in the biosynthesis of the anthocyanin class of flavonoids, from the colorless leucoanthocyanidins to the colored anthocyanidins. The full-length cDNA and genomic DNA sequences of ANS gene (designated as GbANS) were isolated(More)
3,5,3'-Triiodo-L-thyronine (T3) regulation of beta-MHC expression was studied in rat fetal heart cells using deletion mutants of both the rat and human promoter regions fused to a CAT expression vector. T3 inhibited the expression of human and rat beta-MHC constructs with an IC50 of about 1nM, which was similar to the EC50 for beta MHC-mRNA observed in(More)
The key mitotic regulator securin is expressed at low levels in fetal brain compared with adult, and modulates the proliferation of human embryonic neuronal N-Tera2 (NT2) cells. We now examine the function and expression of securin's interacting partner separase, along with Rad21, the functional component of cohesin, which is cleaved by separase following(More)
Thyroid hormone plays important roles in metabolism, growth, and differentiation. Germline mutations in thyroid hormone receptor beta (TRbeta) have been identified in many individuals with resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH), a syndrome of hyposensitivity to T3. However, it has become increasingly apparent that somatic mutations can also occur in individual(More)
A spin-labeled derivative of 3,3',5-triiodo-L-thyronine, 3-[( alpha-carboxy-4-(4-hydroxy-3-iodophenoxy)-3,5-diiodophenethyl++ +] carbamoyl)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-3-pyrrolin-1-yloxy (SL-T3) has been synthesized. Evaluation of its binding to nuclei after incubation with rat pituitary tumor GH3 cells at 37 degrees C showed that it bound to nuclei with a 18%(More)
alpha-Synuclein is the major component of Lewy bodies. Its aggregation can be accelerated by copper, iron, or beta-amyloid (Abeta) and has been thought to provide a nucleation center during the formation of amyloid plaques. The main structural component of amyloid plaque is Abeta, which is derived from a larger protein, amyloid precursor protein (APP).(More)
There are multiple factors that potentially can induce structural changes in DNA-bound thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) including protein-protein interactions, ligand-binding to TRs, and the thyroid hormone response element (TRE) sequence. We used a battery of anti-TR antibodies that recognize the amino-terminal, hinge, or carboxy-terminal regions of TRs to(More)