Shuhei Sakaguchi

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Approximately 10% of peripheral CD4+ cells and less than 1% of CD8+ cells in normal unimmunized adult mice express the IL-2 receptor alpha-chain (CD25) molecules. When CD4+ cell suspensions prepared from BALB/c nu/+ mice lymph nodes and spleens were depleted of CD25+ cells by specific mAb and C, and then inoculated into BALB/c athymic nude (nu/nu) mice, all(More)
Prion protein (PrP) is a glycoprotein constitutively expressed on the neuronal cell surface. A protease-resistant isoform of prion protein is implicated in the pathogenesis of a series of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. We have developed a line of mice homozygous for a disrupted PrP gene in which the whole PrP-coding sequence is replaced by a(More)
Elimination of CD25+ T cells, which constitute 5-10% of peripheral CD4+ T cells in normal naive mice, leads to spontaneous development of various autoimmune diseases. These immunoregulatory CD25+CD4+ T cells are naturally unresponsive (anergic) in vitro to TCR stimulation, and, upon stimulation, suppress proliferation of CD25-CD4+ T cells and CD8+ T cells.(More)
This study shows that removal of a T cell subpopulation can evoke effective tumor immunity in otherwise nonresponding animals. Elimination of CD25-expressing T cells, which constitute 5-10% of peripheral CD4+ T cells in normal naive mice, elicited potent immune responses to syngeneic tumors in vivo and eradicated them. The responses were mediated by(More)
We established an experimental system suitable for study of cell cycle regulation by Ca2+ in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Systematic cell cycle analysis using media containing various concentrations of Ca2+, a Ca2(+)-ionophore (A23187), and a Ca2(+)-chelator [ethylenebis(oxyethylenenitrilo)]tetraacetic acid (EGTA) revealed that simultaneous addition(More)
We have previously shown that continuous administration of anti-interleukin 10 (anti-IL-10) antibodies (Abs) to BALB/c mice modifies endogenous levels of autoantibodies, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and interferon gamma, three immune mediators known to affect the development of autoimmunity in "lupus-prone" New Zealand black/white (NZB/W)F1(More)
Neonatal thymectomy (NTx), especially around day 3 after birth, causes various organ-specific autoimmune diseases in mice. This report shows that: (a) T cells expressing the interleukin 2 receptor alpha chains (CD25) ontogenically begin to appear in the normal periphery immediately after day 3, rapidly increasing within 2 wk to nearly adult levels(More)
This study shows that the normal thymus produces immunoregulatory CD25+4+8- thymocytes capable of controlling self-reactive T cells. Transfer of thymocyte suspensions depleted of CD25+4+8- thymocytes, which constitute approximately 5% of steroid-resistant mature CD4+8- thymocytes in normal naive mice, produces various autoimmune diseases in syngeneic(More)
A CD4(+) T cell subpopulation defined by the expression levels of a particular cell surface molecule (e.g. CD5, CD45RB, CD25, CD62L or CD38) bears an autoimmune-preventive activity in various animal models. Here we show that the expression of CD25 is highly specific, when compared with other molecules, in delineating the autoimmune-preventive(More)
Immune regulation has been shown to be involved in the progressive growth of some murine tumors. In this study, we demonstrated that a single in vivo administration of an amount less than 0.125 mg of anti-CD25 interleukin 2 receptor alpha monoclonal antibody (mAb; PC61) caused the regression of tumors that grew progressively in syngeneic mice. The tumors(More)