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BACKGROUND Mikulicz's disease (MD) has been considered as one manifestation of Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Recently, it has also been considered as an IgG(4)-related disorder. OBJECTIVE To determine the differences between IgG(4)-related disorders including MD and SS. METHODS A study was undertaken to investigate patients with MD and IgG(4)-related(More)
This study investigates the relation between the serological status of NMO (neuromyelitis optica)-IgG and the clinical and MRI features in Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis. Serum NMO-IgG was tested in 35 Japanese patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, including 19 with the optic-spinal form of multiple sclerosis (OSMS), three with the spinal(More)
In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), recurrent abortion, thrombocytopenia, and cerebral infarction have been reported to have a close association with the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies, especially with anticardiolipin antibodies (ACL) [3, 7]. These phospholipid antibodies have been reported to crossreact with the sugar phosphate backbone of DNA,(More)
To evaluate the cholinergic and dopaminergic neuronal interaction in the striatum, the effects of scopolamine, a muscarinic cholinergic antagonist, on the striatal dopaminergic system were evaluated multi-parametrically in the conscious monkey brain using high-resolution positron emission tomography in combination with microdialysis.(More)
The effects of dopamine release manipulated by drugs on the in vivo binding of [11C]raclopride in the striatum were evaluated in conscious monkeys combined with microdialysis. The in vivo binding of [11C]raclopride was evaluated by high resolution positron emission tomography (PET), and the dopamine concentrations in the striatal extracellular fluid (ECF)(More)
The effects of the dopamine transporter (DAT) inhibitors cocaine and GBR12909 on DAT and dopamine D(2) receptors were evaluated in the brains under awake and isoflurane-anesthetized monkeys using high-resolution positron emission tomography (PET) in combination with microdialysis. The striatal DAT availability and dopamine D(2) receptor binding were assayed(More)
The effects of ketamine anesthesia on the binding of [(11)C]-labeled cocaine analogs, [(11)C]beta-CFT (2beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-fluorophenyl)tropane) and [(11)C]beta-CIT-FE (N-(2-fluoroethyl)-2beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-iodophenyl)tropane), to the striatal dopamine transporter (DAT) were evaluated in the monkey brain using positron emission tomography(More)
The ammonium ion is an indispensable nitrogen source for crops, especially paddy rice (Oryza sativa L. cv Nipponbare). Until now, it has been impossible to measure ammonium uptake and nitrogen movement in plants in real time. Using the new technologies of PETIS (positron emitting tracer imaging system) and PMPS (positron multi-probe system), we were able to(More)
We developed PET ligands (+)N-[(11)C]ethyl-3-piperidyl benzilate ([(11)C](+)3-EPB) and (+)N-[(11)C]propyl-3-piperidyl benzilate ([(11)C](+)3-PPB) for cerebral muscarinic cholinergic receptors. The distribution and kinetics of the novel ligands were evaluated for comparison with the previously reported ligand (+)N-[(11)C]methyl-3-piperidyl benzilate(More)
The present study evaluated the effects of methamphetamine and scopolamine on the striatal dopamine D(1) receptor binding, measured by [(11)C]SCH23390, and D(1) receptor-coupled cAMP messenger system, determined as phosphodiesterase type-IV (PDE-IV) activity, were evaluated in the brains of conscious monkeys using positron emission tomography (PET) with(More)