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BACKGROUND Recently, it was reported that plasma microRNAs (miRNAs) are low-invasive useful biomarkers for cancer. We attempted to isolate gastric cancer (GC)-associated miRNAs comparing pre- and post-operative paired plasma, thereby excluding the possible effects of individual variability. METHODS This study was divided into four steps: (1) microarray(More)
BACKGROUND We examined plasma microRNA (miRNA) concentrations from patients with gastric cancers (GCs) to assess their clinical application for diagnosing and monitoring diseases. METHODS We initially investigated the appropriateness of plasma miRNA assay, and then compared plasma miRNA results with the expressions in cancer tissues from eight GC(More)
BACKGROUND Several recent studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are stably detectable in the plasma/serum. We hypothesised that miR-18a in the plasma is a potential biomarker in patients with pancreatic cancer. METHODS miR-18a is located in the miR-17-92 cluster and reported to be highly expressed in pancreatic cancer tissues. This study was(More)
BACKGROUND Several recent studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are stably detectable in plasma/serum. We tested miR-221 and miR-375, which are frequently reported to be highly and poorly expressed in pancreatic cancer (PCa), as candidates for plasma biomarkers in PCa. METHODS This study was divided into three parts: (1) Confirmation of higher(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated that microRNAs are stably detectable in plasma/serum because of their binding to specific proteins or being packaged in secretory particles. This study was designed to detect novel microRNAs in plasma for cancer detection and monitoring using microRNA array-based approaches in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma(More)
BACKGROUND Several recent studies demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are stably detectable in plasma/serum. We hypothesised that plasma miRNAs concentrations contributed to potential biomarkers in patients with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS We selected three oncogenic miRNAs (miR-21, miR-184, miR-221) and one tumour suppressive(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have demonstrated that YWHAZ (14-3-3ζ), included in the 14-3-3 family of proteins, has been implicated in the initiation and progression of cancers. We tested whether YWHAZ acted as a cancer-promoting gene through its activation/overexpression in gastric cancer (GC). METHODS We analysed 7 GC cell lines and 141 primary tumours,(More)
BACKGROUND Several recent studies demonstrated that microRNAs are stably detectable in plasma/serum. We tested whether miR-18a, which is located in the miR-17-92 cluster and reported to be highly expressed in tissues of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), served as a plasma biomarker in patients with ESCC. METHODS This study was divided into three(More)
In the present study, we assessed the involvement of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/c-Met signalling with vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) and hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α expression in the downstream pathways phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and signal transducer and activator of(More)
BACKGROUND SET and MYND domain-containing protein 2 (SMYD2) is a lysine methyltransferase for histone H3, p53 and Rb and inhibits their transactivation activities. In this study, we tested whether SMYD2 (1q42) acts as a cancer-promoting factor by being overexpressed in gastric cancer. METHODS We analysed 7 gastric cancer cell lines and 147 primary tumor(More)