Shuhei Ishikura

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Insulin causes translocation of glucose transporter GLUT4 to the membrane of muscle and fat cells, a process requiring Akt activation. The Rab GTPase-activating protein (Rab-GAP) AS160 is inhibited upon phosphorylation by insulin-activated Akt, thereby allowing GLUT4 translocation. Although several Rab proteins are detected on GLUT4 vesicles, the target(More)
The T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) alpha-chain (TCRalpha) is a type I integral membrane protein that becomes ubiquitinated and targeted to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation (ERAD) pathway when it fails to assemble into the heteromeric TCR complex. Remarkably, TCRalpha has a cytosolic tail of only five amino acid residues (i.e. RLWSS),(More)
Insulin causes translocation of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) to the membrane of muscle and fat cells, a process requiring Akt activation. Two Rab-GTPase-activating proteins (Rab-GAP), AS160 and TBC1D1, were identified as Akt substrates. AS160 phosphorylation is required for insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation, but the participation of TBC1D1 on muscle(More)
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) is a cofactor for aromatic amino acid hydroxylases and nitric oxide synthase. The biosynthesis includes two reduction steps catalyzed by sepiapterin reductase. An intermediate, 6-pyruvoyltetrahydropterin (PPH(4)) is reduced to 1(')-oxo-2(')-hydroxypropyl-tetrahydropterin (1(')-OXPH(4)) or(More)
Neuroactive steroids, such as 3alpha,5alpha-tetrahydroprogesterone (3alpha,5alpha-THP) and 3alpha,5alpha-tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone have been shown to be synthesized from progesterone in animal brains. Comparison of kinetic constants for the neuroactive steroids and their precursors among four human 3(20)alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases(More)
Muscle contraction stimulates glucose uptake acutely to increase energy supply, but suitable cellular models that faithfully reproduce this complex phenomenon are lacking. To this end, we have developed a cellular model of contracting C(2)C(12) myotubes overexpressing GLUT4 with an exofacial myc-epitope tag (GLUT4myc) and explored stimulation of GLUT4(More)
In this study, we isolated a cDNA for tetrameric carbonyl reductase (CR) from pig heart. The pig CR showed high amino acid sequence identity (81%) with rabbit NADP(+)-dependent retinol dehydrogenase (NDRD). The purified recombinant pig CR and NDRD were about 100-kDa homotetramers and exhibited high reductase activity towards alkyl phenyl ketones,(More)
Japanese monkey liver contains multiple forms of dihydrodiol dehydrogenase with 3(20)alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity. Here we have purified the major and minor forms (DD1 and DD4) of the enzyme from Cynomolgus monkey liver, and isolated cDNA species for the two enzyme forms by reverse transcription-PCR. The cDNAs encoded proteins comprising of(More)
In this report, we compared kinetic constants and products in the reduction of the neurosteroids, 3alpha,5alpha-tetrahydroprogesterone (3alpha,5alpha THP) and 3alpha,5alpha-tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone (3alpha,5alpha-THDOC), and their precursors, 5alpha-dihydroprogesterone (5alpha-DHP), 5alpha-dihydrodeoxycorticosterone (5alpha-DHDOC) and progesterone, by(More)
The elevated blood glucose following a meal is cleared by insulin-stimulated glucose entry into muscle and fat cells. The hormone increases the amount of the glucose transporter GLUT4 at the plasma membrane in these tissues at the expense of preformed intracellular pools. In addition, muscle contraction also increases glucose uptake via a gain in GLUT4 at(More)