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The recommended treatment for patients with chronic hepatitis C, pegylated interferon-alpha (PEG-IFN-alpha) plus ribavirin (RBV), does not provide sustained virologic response (SVR) in all patients. We report a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to null virological response (NVR) in the treatment of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 within(More)
Although liver fibrosis reflects disease severity in chronic hepatitis patients, there has been no simple and accurate system to evaluate the therapeutic effect based on fibrosis. We developed a glycan-based immunoassay, FastLec-Hepa, to fill this unmet need. FastLec-Hepa automatically detects unique fibrosis-related glyco-alteration in serum(More)
BACKGROUND Prediction and prevention of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence is an important clinical issue. We investigated whether HBV DNA level and antiviral therapy are associated with HCC recurrence. METHODS This retrospective study involved 103 patients who underwent hepatic resection or radiofrequency ablation(More)
The geographic distribution of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes in Japan and its clinical relevance are poorly understood. We studied 731 Japanese patients with chronic HBV infection. HBV genotype was determined by the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method after polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Of the 720 patients with positive PCR, 12(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Increased production of reactive oxygen species, which cause oxidative DNA damage, is considered to be related to hepatocarcinogenesis. 8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxy-guanosine (8-OHdG) is a useful marker of DNA damage induced by oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to determine whether expression of 8-OHdG is a risk factor for the development(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection can lead to serious liver diseases, including liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, about 85-90% of infected individuals become inactive carriers with sustained biochemical remission and very low risk of LC or HCC. To identify host genetic factors contributing to HBV clearance, we conducted(More)
We examined the frequency and significance of mutations in the core promoter and precore region in 103 Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. HBV DNAs from the patients' sera were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and were directly sequenced. A double mutation (T1762 A1764) in the core promoter was frequently observed in the(More)
We focused on determining the most accurate and convenient genotyping methods and most appropriate single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) among four such polymorphisms associated with interleukin-28B (IL-28B) in order to design tailor-made therapy for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients. First, five different methods (direct sequencing,(More)
AIM   IL28B polymorphisms serve to predict response to pegylated interferon plus ribavirin therapy (PEG IFN/RBV) in Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) very reliably. However, the prediction by the IL28B polymorphism contradicted the virological response to PEG IFN/RBV in some patients. Here, we aimed to investigate the factors responsible for(More)
Genetic polymorphisms of the interleukin 28B (IL28B) locus are associated closely with outcomes of pegylated-interferon (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) combination therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between IL28B polymorphism and responses to therapy in patients infected with genotype 2. One hundred twenty-nine chronic(More)