Shuh-Sen Young

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Plastocyanin (Pc) has been modified by site-directed mutagenesis at two separate electron-transfer (ET) sites: Leu-12-Glu at a hydrophobic patch, and Tyr-83-His at an acidic patch. The reduction potential at pH 7.5 is decreased by 26 mV in Pc(Leu-12-Glu) and increased by 35 mV in Pc(Tyr-83-His). The latter mutant shows a 2-fold slower intracomplex ET to(More)
A series of plastocyanin mutants have been constructed by site-directed mutagenesis and expressed in Escherichia coli to elucidate the interaction between plastocyanin and photosystem 1 in the photosynthetic electron-transfer chain. Leu-12 has been replaced with alanine, asparagine, glutamate, and lysine, while Tyr-83 has been exchanged for histidine,(More)
Nine anamorphic, ascomycetous yeast strains belonging to the Pichia anomala clade were recovered from forest soil in 2006 in Taiwan. The nine yeast strains represent four novel yeast species based on the sequences of their D1/D2 domain of the large subunit (LSU) rRNA gene and their physiological characteristics. The scientific names of Candida dajiaensis(More)
The crystal structure of plastocyanin from spinach has been determined using molecular replacement, with the structure of plastocyanin from poplar as a search model. Successful crystallization was facilitated by site-directed mutagenesis in which residue Gly8 was substituted with Asp. The region around residue 8 was believed to be too mobile for the(More)
During surveys on yeast diversity in forest soils from Taiwan and Thailand, ten yeast strains isolated from different samples were found to have similar molecular and physiological characteristics. Sequence analysis of small subunit (SSU) rDNA, the D1/D2 domain of large subunit (LSU) rDNA and internal transcribed spacer (ITS)-5.8S rDNA demonstrated that(More)
Spinach plastocyanin has been expressed in Escherichia coli and exported to the periplasmic space. The effects of codon usage, expression system, growth length, and temperature on expression levels in LB medium were investigated. A stretch of codons, rare in E. coli, was identified and replaced with highly expressed codons, increasing the yield by at least(More)
A new ascomycetous yeast species, Kazachstania jiainicus, is proposed based on two strains isolated from soil in Taiwan. The species is characterized by forming one or two globose spores in each ascus, fermenting glucose and galactose and assimilating few carbon and nitrogen compounds. Genus assignment and distinction of the strains from recognized species(More)
A new yeast species, Kazachstania wufongensis, is proposed in this paper based on six strains isolated from soil in Taiwan. The species may produce one to four ellipsoidal ascospores in each ascus, directly transformed from diploid cells. Genus assignment and distinction of the species from other recognized species of Kazachstania is based on morphological(More)
A novel yeast species, Lachancea dasiensis sp. nov., is proposed in this paper based on two strains isolated from leaves and one strain from soil in Taiwan. The strains produce one or two spherical ascospores in each ascus, preceded by conjugation of individual cells. Genus assignment and distinction of the species from other recognized species of Lachancea(More)
The gene coding for Pseudomonas aeruginosa cytochrome c551 has been cloned and its nucleotide sequence determined. Cytochrome c551 is expressed as a 104 amino acid pre-protein from which a signal peptide of 22 amino acids is cleaved off during the translocation across the cytoplasmic membrane. The gene is located just downstream of the gene coding for(More)