Learn More
×ØÖØ—In this paper, we investigate the multicast routing problem in sparse splitting networks (MR-SSN). The MR-SSN problem is to find a route from the source node of a session to all destinations of the session such that the total number fibers used in establishing the session is minimized while the multicast capable nodes are evenly distributed throughout(More)
In this paper, we investigate the problem of Multicast Routing in Sparse Splitting Networks (MR-SSN). Given a network topology with the multicast capable nodes distributed uniformly throughout the network, and a multicast session, the MR-SSN problem is to find a route from the source node of the multicast session to all destinations of the multicast session(More)
OBJECTIVE To observe the effect of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) on the metabolism of intestinal fluid and cyclic AMP protein kinase A signaling pathway (cAMP-PKA) and water channel protein 3 (AQP3) in rats with constipation, and to explore the mechanism of VIP in the treatment of constipation.
 Methods: A total of 45 healthy adult rats were randomly(More)
Ag2Se quantum dots (QDs) have attracted a lot of interest due to their potential applications in biosensing and bioimaging. A strategy is presented that involves coupling of selenium powder reduction with the binding of silver ions, and thioglycollic acid (TGA) and glycine as stabilizers to obtain ultrasmall Ag2Se QDs at 85 °C in aqueous solution. This(More)
  • 1