Learn More
Single neuron, evoked potential and metabolic techniques show that attention influences visual processing in extrastriate cortex. We provide anatomical, electrophysiological and behavioral evidence that prefrontal cortex regulates neuronal activity in extrastriate cortex during visual discrimination. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded during a(More)
In order to clarify the roles played by the primary motor cortex and the supplementary motor area in the execution of complex sequential and simple repetitive finger movements, regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was measured with PET using 15O-labelled water in five normal subjects. The PET data of each individual subject co-registered to his own MRI, was(More)
The temporal and spatial characteristics of the cortical processes responsible for absolute pitch (AP) and relative pitch (RP) were investigated by multi-channel event-related potentials (ERPs). Compared to listening, pitch-naming of tones in non-possessors of AP elicited three ERP components (P3b, parietal positive slow wave, frontal negative slow wave)(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined how behavioral context influences novelty processing by varying the degree that a novel event predicted the occurrence of a subsequent target stimulus. METHODS Visual event-related potentials (ERPs) and reaction times (RTs) were recorded in 3 detection experiments (23 subjects). The predictive value of a novel stimulus on the(More)
The consonance of individual chords presented out of musical context, or the noncontextual consonance of chords, is usually defined as the absence of roughness, which is a sensation perceived when slightly mistuned frequencies are not clearly resolved in the cochlea. The present work uses evoked potentials to demonstrate that the absence of roughness is not(More)
Cortical processes underlying perception of musical consonance were investigated by long-latency auditory evoked potentials (EPs). Subjects listened to a random sequence of dyadic pure tones paired at various pitch intervals (1, 4, 6, 7, or 9 semitones). Amplitudes of P2 and N2 components of auditory EPs were significantly modulated by pitch interval of the(More)
In the conventional recording of event-related potentials (ERPs) by the "oddball" paradigm, the subject may employ different strategies for processing one stimulus from the other even within the same session because of variable psychological state. Hence, "averaging" may not necessarily be suitable for recording ERP. We have therefore established a method(More)
Potential recording of brain activities always encounters the problem resulting from the activation of reference electrodes. Current source density (CSD) computation does not take reference sites into account and consequently may better localize the generator sources. In the past, several attempts have been made to record CSDs of the somatosensory evoked(More)
The cortical processes underlying grapheme-phoneme conversion were investigated by event-related potentials (ERPs). The task consisted of silent reading or vowel-matching of three Japanese hiragana characters, each representing a consonant-vowel syllable. At earlier latencies, typical components of the visual ERP, namely, P1 (110 ms), N1 (170 ms) and P2(More)
Among single sweep records of event-related potentials (ERPs), the peak latency of P300, which is one of the most prominent positive peaks in the ERP obtained in the oddball paradigm, may vary depending on the conditions of the subject. In the analysis of characteristics of the variability in the peak latency, it is important to know to what extent the(More)