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A tight junction (TJ) protein, claudin-1 (CLDN1), was identified recently as a key factor for hepatitis C virus (HCV) entry. Here, we show that another TJ protein, occludin, is also required for HCV entry. Mutational study of CLDN1 revealed that its tight junctional distribution plays an important role in mediating viral entry. Together, these data support(More)
RATIONALE The mosquito-borne Zika virus (ZIKV) is now recognized as a blood-borne pathogen, raising an important question about how the virus gets into human bloodstream. The imminent threat of the ZIKV epidemic to the global blood supply also demands novel therapeutics to stop virus transmission though transfusion. OBJECTIVE We intend to characterize(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major human pathogen that causes serious illness, including acute and chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Using a mass spectrometry-based proteomics approach, we have identified 175 proteins from a cell culture supernatant fraction containing the HCV genotype 2a (JFH1) virus, among which fatty(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatitis C virus (HCV) entry is a multiple-step process involving a number of host factors and hence represents a promising target for new antiviral drug development. In search of novel inhibitors of HCV infection, we found that a human apolipoprotein E (apoE) peptide, hEP, containing both a receptor binding fragment and a lipid binding fragment(More)
BACKGROUND The innate immune responses to virus infection are initiated by either Toll-like receptors (TLR3/7/8/9) or cytoplasmic double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-recognizing RNA helicases RIG-I and MDA5. To avoid causing injury to the host, these signaling pathways must be switched off in time by negative regulators. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Through(More)
In this paper the electrochemical behavior of rutin on a pyridinium-typed ionic liquid modified carbon paste electrode (IL-CPE) was investigated and further used for rutin sample determination. The IL-CPE showed strong electrocatalytic effects to the oxidation of rutin. In phosphate buffer solution (PBS, pH 2.5; 0.1 M) a pair of well-defined cyclic(More)
BACKGROUND Insertable cardiac monitors (ICM) have been shown to detect atrial fibrillation (AF) at a higher rate than routine monitoring methods in patients with cryptogenic stroke (CS). However, it is unknown whether there are topographic patterns of brain infarction in patients with CS that are particularly associated with underlying AF. If such patterns(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatitis C virus (HCV) entry is a complicated process that requires multiple host factors, such as CD81, scavenger receptor BI, claudin-1 (CLDN1), and occludin. The interaction of virus and cellular entry factors represents a promising target for novel anti-HCV drug development. In this study, we sought to identify peptide inhibitors for HCV(More)
In this article, a simple strategy of electroless deposition for gold nanoparticle (Au NP) modification on the conductive substrate is developed. The morphology of Au NP modified electrode could be controlled to some extent by choosing different solution concentrations, deposition times, etc. The Au NP modification increased the electrode surface area(More)
A simple and effective strategy was proposed for synthesis of AuNPs@polyaniline (AuNPs@PANI) core-shell nanocomposites. AuNPs@PANI nanocomposites were prepared by one-step chemical oxidative polymerization of aniline using chloroaurate acid as the oxidant and AuNPs as the seeds. The synthesized AuNPs@PANI nanocomposites were characterized with transmission(More)