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Near-infrared spectroscopic tomography was used to measure the properties of 24 mammographically normal breasts to quantify whole-breast absorption and scattering spectra and to evaluate which tissue composition characteristics can be determined from these spectra. The absorption spectrum of breast tissue allows quantification of (i) total hemoglobin(More)
The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was used to determine the detectability of objects within reconstructed images from diffuse near-infrared tomography. It was concluded that there was a maximal value of CNR near the location of an object within the image and that the size of the true region could be estimated from the CNR. Experimental and simulation(More)
Near Infrared diffuse optical tomography was used to measure the molar absorption spectra for de-oxyhemoglobin, oxyhemoglobin and water through phantom experiments. The measured spectra compensate for any systemic errors and errors arising from model-based estimation of concentrations of these chromophores, and show reasonable agreement with existing(More)
Four model-based imaging systems are currently being developed for breast cancer detection at Dartmouth College. A potential advantage of multimodality imaging is the prospect of combining information collected from each system to provide a more complete diagnostic tool that covers the full range of the patient and pathology spectra. In this paper it is(More)
Near-infrared imaging was used to quantify typical values of hemoglobin concentration, oxygen saturation, water fraction, scattering power, and scattering amplitude within the breast tissue of volunteer subjects. A systematic study of the menstrual variations in these parameters was carried out by measuring a group of seven premenopausal normal women (aged(More)
Multi-wavelength Near-Infrared (NIR) Tomography was utilized in this study to non-invasively quantify physiological parameters of breast tumors using direct spectral reconstruction. Frequency domain NIR measurements were incorporated with a new spectrally constrained direct chromophore and scattering image reconstruction algorithm, which was validated in(More)
Near-Infrared (NIR) tomographic image reconstruction is a non-linear, ill-posed and ill-conditioned problem, and so in this study, different ways of penalizing the objective function with structural information were investigated. A simple framework to incorporate structural priors is presented, using simple weight matrices that have either Laplacian or(More)
An imaging system that simultaneously performs near infrared (NIR) tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used to study breast tissue phantoms and a healthy woman in vivo. An NIR image reconstruction that exploits the combined data set is presented that implements the MR structure as a soft-constraint in the NIR property estimation. The(More)
A multispectral direct chromophore and scattering reconstruction technique has been implemented for near-infrared frequency-domain tomography in recovering images of total hemoglobin, oxygen saturation, water, and scatter parameters. The method applies the spectral constraint of the chromophores and scattering spectra directly in the reconstruction(More)
A promising method to incorporate tissue structural information into the reconstruction of diffusion-based fluorescence imaging is introduced. The method regularizes the inversion problem with a Laplacian-type matrix, which inherently smoothes pre-defined tissue, but allows discontinuities between adjacent regions. The technique is most appropriately used(More)