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Body fluid compartments were studied in a group of sea level residents at sea level and during 12 d of acute exposure to an altitude to 3,500 m. Measurements of total body water and extracellular water were done on the third and 12th days of exposure, while plasma volume was measured on 12th day only. The intracellular water, blood volume, and red cell mass(More)
7,8-Diacetoxy-4-methylcoumarin (DAMC), with no prerequisite for oxidative biotransformation has been reported to produce suicide inactivation of microsomal cytochrome P-450-catalysed formation of aflatoxin B1-8,9-oxide that binds to DNA. Parenteral administration of DAMC to rats caused significant inhibition of AFB1 binding to hepatic DNA in vivo as well as(More)
Our earlier work established a convenient assay procedure for acetoxycoumarin (AC): protein transacetylase (TA) by indirectly quantifying the activity of glutathione (GSH)-S-transferase (GST), the extent of inhibition of GST under the conditions of the assay represented TA activity. In this communication, we have probed the specificity for TA with respect(More)
The enzymatic transfer of acetyl groups from acetylated xenobiotics to specific proteins is a relatively grey area in the evergreen field of biotransformation of foreign compounds. In this paper, we have documented evidence for the existence of a transacetylase in liver microsomes that catalyses the transfer of acetyl groups from(More)
Our earlier studies documented the ability of 7,8-diacetoxy-4-methylcoumarin (DAMC) to cause irreversible inhibition of cytochrome P-450 linked mixed function oxidases (MFO) mediated by membrane bound DAMC: protein transacetylase. Since P-450 catalyzed oxidation of benzene is crucial to its toxic effects, the action of DAMC and related analogues were(More)
Twenty-three 4-methylcoumarins bearing different functionalities have been examined for the first time for their effect on NADPH-catalysed liver-microsomal lipid peroxidation with a view to establish structure-activity relationship. Dihydroxy- and diacetoxy-4-methylcoumarins produced dramatic inhibition of lipid peroxidation. 7,8-Diacetoxy-4-methylcoumarin(More)
Aflatoxin B, (AFB1) is a clastogen that causes cellular damage by covalent modification of nucleic acids. In this investigation, male rats were injected i.p. with AFB1 (8 mg/kg b.w.) in DMSO and the same dose of AFB1 was also administered intratracheally (i.t.) to the animals separately. The animals were killed after 26 h of the carcinogen treatment, femur(More)
7,8-Dihydroxy-4-methylcoumarin (DHMC) and 7,8-diacetoxy-4-methylcoumarin (DAMC) have been reported to effectively inhibit in-vivo lipid peroxidation in rat tissues induced by CCl4 and paraquat. DHMC was found to readily impart green colour to the lipid peroxidation incubation mixture containing ADP and Fe3+, whereas DAMC formed green complex only upon(More)