Shubhra Gangopadhyay

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Photorelease of caged Ca(2+) is a uniquely powerful tool to study the dynamics of Ca(2+)-triggered exocytosis from individual cells. Using photolithography and other microfabrication techniques, we have developed transparent microchip devices to enable photorelease of caged Ca(2+), together with electrochemical detection of quantal catecholamine secretion(More)
We report metal/p-Si contact barrier modification through the introduction of either "isolated" or "nonisolated" tilted-target-sputtered sub-2 nm platinum nanoparticles (Pt NPs) in combination with either a 0.98 nm Atomic Layer Deposited Al2O3 or a 1.6 nm chemically grown SiO2 dielectric layer, or both. Here, we study the role of these Pt NP's size(More)
The optical nonlocality in metal-dielectric multilayer metamaterials is characterized experimentally as a function of the angle of incidence with respect to the TE-polarized incident light. The physical mechanism of the difference between the nonlocal effective permittivity and the effective-medium-theory-based effective permittivity depending on the(More)
BACKGROUND Biofilms occur on a wide variety of surfaces including metals, ceramics, glass etc. and often leads to accumulation of large number of various microorganisms on the surfaces. This biofilm growth is highly undesirable in most cases as biofilms can cause degradation of the instruments and its performance along with contamination of the samples(More)
Electrochemical microelectrodes are commonly used to detect spikes of amperometric current that correspond to exocytosis of oxidizable transmitter from individual vesicles, i.e., quantal exocytosis. We are developing transparent multielectrochemical electrode arrays on microchips in order to automate measurement of quantal exocytosis. Here, we report(More)
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) micro-chip with integrated thin film heaters and temperature detectors has been realized on a silicon-SOG-PDMS (poly-di(methyl) siloxane) platform. Accurate temperature sensing and control is important for a PCR reaction. This precludes the placement of the temperature sensor anywhere else but within the PCR chamber which(More)
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