Shubhra Gangopadhyay

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Optical sensors have proven to be a useful method in identifying explosive devices by recognizing vapors of explosive compounds that become airborne and emanate from the device. To detect high explosive compounds such as TNT, a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) sensing mechanism was developed. This mechanism consists of MIP microparticles prepared using(More)
This paper presents a detailed electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry (CV) investigation into the electrocatalytic activity of ultrafine (i.e., smaller than 2 nm) platinum (Pt) nanoparticles generated on a fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) surface via room temperature tilted target sputter deposition. In particular, the Pt-decorated FTO(More)
In this paper we report size dependent single electron tunneling behavior at room temperature in a metal-oxide-semiconductor structure with uniformly sized Pt nanoparticles embedded in an Al(2)O(3) dielectric. The sub-2 nm size Pt nanoparticles sandwiched between the Al(2)O(3) layers are deposited by a unique tilted target sputter deposition technique which(More)
We report a simple, robust fluorescence biosensor for the ultra-sensitive detection of Clostridium botulinum Neurotoxin Type A (BoNT/A) in complex, real-world media. High intrinsic signal amplification was achieved through the combined use of ultra-bright, photostable dye-doped nanoparticle (DOSNP) tags and high surface area nanoporous organosilicate (NPO)(More)
Neurons and endocrine cells secrete neurotransmitter and hormones in discrete packets in a process called quantal exocytosis. Electrochemical microelectrodes can detect spikes in current resulting from the oxidation of individual quanta of transmitter only if the electrodes are small and directly adjacent to release sites on the cell. Here we report(More)
A facile development of highly efficient Pt-TiO(2) nanostructured films via versatile gas-phase deposition methods is described. The films have a unique one-dimensional (1D) structure of TiO(2) single crystals coated with ultrafine Pt nanoparticles (NPs, 0.5-2 nm) and exhibit extremely high CO(2) photoreduction efficiency with selective formation of methane(More)
Carbon electrodes are widely used in electrochemistry due to their low cost, wide potential window, and low and stable background noise. Carbon-fiber electrodes (CFE) are commonly used to electrochemically measure "quantal" catecholamine release via exocytosis from individual cells, but it is difficult to integrate CFEs into lab-on-a-chip devices. Here we(More)
Photorelease of caged Ca(2+) is a uniquely powerful tool to study the dynamics of Ca(2+)-triggered exocytosis from individual cells. Using photolithography and other microfabrication techniques, we have developed transparent microchip devices to enable photorelease of caged Ca(2+), together with electrochemical detection of quantal catecholamine secretion(More)
We describe a microfabricated moisture sensor with interdigitated Au or Pt electrodes on a silicon substrate. The sensor active area is covered with a spin-coated, baked-on layer of Nafion(R) perfluorosulfonate ionomer of submicron thickness. The sensor responds to moisture with a 10-90% rise time of 50-100 ms and a 90-10% fall time of 20-30 ms, faster than(More)