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Journals and Conferences
Promotion or inhibition of tubulin assembly into microtubules is the standard in vitro assay for evaluating potential antimicrotubule agents. Many agents to be tested are poorly soluble in aqueous solution and require a cosolvent such as dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). However, DMSO itself can promote tubulin assembly, and its inclusion in assays for compounds… (More)
The synthesis of the bridged A-nor-paclitaxel 4 has been achieved from paclitaxel in a key test of the T-Taxol conformational hypothesis. Although the unbridged A-nor-paclitaxel 3 is essentially noncytotoxic, the bridged analogue 4 is strongly cytotoxic. This result provides strong evidence for the T-Taxol conformation as the bioactive tubulin-binding… (More)
Tubulin, the basic component of microtubules, is present in most eukaryotic cells as multiple gene products, called isotypes. The major tubulin isotypes are highly conserved in terms of structure and drug binding capabilities. Tubulin isotype betaVI, however, is significantly divergent from the other isotypes in sequence, assembly properties, and function.… (More)
A strategy for the design and synthesis of simplified paclitaxel analogs based on the T-Taxol conformation is presented. The resulting compounds have both cytotoxic and tubulin polymerization activities, although less so than those of paclitaxel itself.
Paclitaxel (PTX) is a microtubule-stabilizing agent that is widely used in cancer chemotherapy. This structurally complex natural product acts by binding to β-tubulin in assembled microtubules. The 2'-hydroxyl group in the flexible side chain of PTX is an absolute requirement for activity, but its precise role in the drug-receptor interaction has not been… (More)
Taxanes are a critical component of chemotherapy for breast, prostate, lung and other cancers. Initial or acquired tumor resistance to taxanes is therefore one of the most important issues in oncology. Survivin is a prosurvival gene whose expression is a poor prognostic feature. Survivin is induced acutely upon exposure to taxanes and coordinates resistance… (More)
A knowledge of the bioactive tubulin-binding conformation of paclitaxel (Taxol()) is crucial to a full understanding of the bioactivity of this important anticancer drug, and potentially also to the design of simplified analogs. The bioactive conformation has been shown to be best approximated by the T-Taxol conformation. As a further test of this… (More)
An unusual reaction with Grubbs' catalyst during the synthesis of bridged epothilones yielded five-membered internal lactones instead of the expected metathesis products. Three of the lactones have activities comparable to epothilone D.
A series of conformationally restrained epothilone analogues with a short bridge between the methyl groups at C6 and C8 was designed to mimic the binding pose assigned to our recently reported EpoA-microtubule binding model. A versatile synthetic route to these bridged epothilone analogues has been successfully devised and implemented. Biological evaluation… (More)