Shubha Murthy

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Regulation of sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) by fatty acid flux was investigated in CaCo-2 cells. Cells were incubated with 1 mM taurocholate with or without 250 microM 18:0, 18:1, 18:2, 20:4, 20:5 or 22:6 fatty acids. Fatty acid synthase (FAS) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase mRNA levels and gene and protein expression of SREBPs were(More)
Regulation of gene expression of ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABC)A1 and ABCG1 by liver X receptor/retinoid X receptor (LXR/RXR) ligands was investigated in the human intestinal cell line CaCo-2. Neither the RXR ligand, 9-cis retinoic acid, nor the natural LXR ligand 22-hydroxycholesterol alone altered ABCA1 mRNA levels. When added together, ABCA1 and(More)
The release of H(2)O(2) from alveolar macrophages has been linked to the development of pulmonary fibrosis, but little is known about its source or mechanism of production. We found that alveolar macrophages from asbestosis patients spontaneously produce high levels of H(2)O(2) and have high expression of Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD). Because Cu,Zn-SOD(More)
To investigate whether, and by what mechanisms, luminal (dietary) cholesterol regulates cholesterol synthesis in human intestinal cells, HMG-CoA reductase activity, gene expression, synthesis, and degradation were investigated in CaCo-2 cells exposed to taurocholate micelles containing cholesterol. In cells incubated with cholesterol solubilized in 5 mM(More)
The regulation of apolipoprotein B (apo B) metabolism by eicosapentaenoic acid was investigated in CaCo-2 cells. Cells cultured on semipermeable membranes that separated an upper from a lower well were incubated for 48 hours with albumin alone or 1 mM eicosapentaenoic acid or oleic acid attached to albumin (4:1, mol/mol). Compared with cells incubated with(More)
The release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cytokines by alveolar macrophages has been demonstrated in asbestos-induced pulmonary fibrosis, but the mechanism linking alveolar macrophages to the pathogenesis is not known. The GTPase Rac1 is a second messenger that plays an important role in host defense. In this study, we demonstrate that Rac1 null mice(More)
The regulation of apoB synthesis and secretion by lipids present within bile was investigated in CaCo-2 cells grown on semipermeable filters. Bile acids decreased the basolateral secretion of immunoreactive apoB. Taurocholic acid decreased the secretion of newly synthesized apoB by increasing the rate of apoB degradation, but had no effect on the synthesis(More)
Fatty acid biosynthesis is transcriptionally regulated by liver X receptor (LXR) and its gene target, sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c). LXR activation is induced by oxysterol end products of the mevalonate pathway and is inhibited by the upstream non-sterol isoprenoid, geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GGPP). Whether isoprenoids play a(More)
The effect of fatty acids on LXR (liver X receptors)-mediated enhancement of ABCA1 (ATP-binding cassette transporter A1) expression and cholesterol efflux was investigated in human intestinal cells CaCo-2. LXR activation by T0901317 increased basolateral cholesterol efflux to lipoprotein particles isolated at a density of 1.21 g/ml or higher. Oleic and(More)
Aberrant matrix deposition is a hallmark of pulmonary fibrosis and is characterized by an imbalance between matrix deposition and degradation. We have previously shown that mice harboring a conditional deletion of the GTP-binding protein, Rac1, in macrophages are protected from asbestos-induced pulmonary fibrosis. To investigate the contribution of aberrant(More)