Shubbir Ahmed

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BACKGROUND Aggregation of unfolded proteins occurs mainly through the exposed hydrophobic surfaces. Any mechanism of inhibition of this aggregation should explain the prevention of these hydrophobic interactions. Though arginine is prevalently used as an aggregation suppressor, its mechanism of action is not clearly understood. We propose a mechanism based(More)
Using several tens of rationally-selected substitutions, insertions and deletions of predominantly non-contiguous residues, we have remodeled the solvent-exposed face of a beta sheet functioning as the substrate-binding and catalytically-active groove of a thermophile cellulase (Rhodothermus marinus Cel12A) to cause it to resemble, both in its structure and(More)
The gene encoding the family 6 carbohydrate-binding module (CtCBM6A) from Clostridium thermocellum, cloned in pET-21a(+) expression vector, was overexpressed using Escherichia coli BL-21(DE3) cells and purified by immobilized metal-ion affinity chromatography. SDS-PAGE analysis of the recombinant CtCBM6A showed molecular size of approximately 15 kDa.(More)
The structural consequences of the reversal of polypeptide backbone direction (retro modification) remain insufficiently explored. Here, we describe the behavior of an engineered, backbone-reversed form of the 97 residues-long GroES co-chaperonin of Escherichia coli. FTIR and far-UV CD spectroscopy suggest that retro-GroES adopts a mixed polyproline type II(More)
The natural occurrence of conservative residue substitutions in proteins suggests that side-chain packing schemes in protein interiors can accommodate mutational replacements of residues by others of similar nature. To explore the extent to which such substitutions are tolerated, especially when introduced simultaneously and globally over the entire length(More)
The pore-lining residues of gap junction channels determine their permeability to ions and small cellular metabolites. These residues can be identified through systematic cysteine substitution and accessibility analysis, commonly known as SCAM (Substituted Cysteine Accessibility Method). However, application of this technique to intercellular channels is(More)
The formation of secondary structure in oligonucleotide DNA is known to lead to "compression" artifacts in electropherograms produced through DNA sequencing. Separately, the formation of secondary structure in mRNA is known to suppress translation; in particular, when such structures form in a region covered by the ribosome either during, or shortly after,(More)
Some years ago, we showed that thermo-chemically denatured, partially-unfolded forms of Pyrococcus furiosus triosephosphateisomerase (PfuTIM) display cold-denaturation upon cooling, and heat-renaturation upon reheating, in proportion with the extent of initial partial unfolding achieved. This was the first time that cold-denaturation was demonstrated for a(More)
In an attempt to fashion a globular protein out of two conjoined beta hairpin structural motif(s), we created a gene encoding, in tandem, two copies of the 40 residues-long transmembrane beta hairpin tongue (BHT) motif of the pore-forming toxin, alpha-hemolysin, of Staphylococcus aureus. Seven selected hydrophobic residues on each copy of the BHT motif's(More)
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