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Glioblastoma is the most common primary malignant brain tumor of adults and one of the most lethal of all cancers. Patients with this disease have a median survival of 15 months from the time of diagnosis despite surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. New treatment approaches are needed. Recent works suggest that glioblastoma patients may benefit from(More)
We have sequenced a 1.1-Mb region of human chromosome 22q containing the dosage-sensitive gene(s) responsible for cat eye syndrome (CES) as well as the 450-kb homologous region on mouse chromosome 6. Fourteen putative genes were identified within or adjacent to the human CES critical region (CESCR), including three known genes (IL-17R, ATP6E, and BID) and(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined expression of messenger ribonucleic acid encoding the prostaglandin F(2alpha) receptor in the rat myometrium throughout late gestation and its regulation by progesterone and mechanical stretch. STUDY DESIGN Normal pregnant rats were killed on gestational day 15, 22, or 23 (during labor) or 1 day post partum. The effects of(More)
This work was aimed at the effects of ultrasound (US) on the growth and secondary metabolite biosynthesis of cultured plant cells. Suspension cultures of Panax ginseng cells were exposed to US at power density below 82 mW/cm3 for short periods of time (1-4 min) in a US bath (38.5-kHz fixed frequency and 810 W maximum peak power). Under most exposure(More)
TR6 (DcR3) is a new member of the TNF receptor (TNFR) family that lacks a transmembrane domain in its sequence, indicating that it is a secreted molecule. TR6 can bind to FasL and prevent FasL-induced apoptosis; it can also associate with LIGHT, another TNF family member. The role of TR6 in immune responses was investigated in this study. According to flow(More)
Abnormal expression of homeobox genes may lead to the development of leukemias, lymphomas, and solid tumors. Expression of homeobox genes in mammary glands, however, has not been studied actively until recently. We have examined the expression of POU homeobox genes in human breast cancer cell lines and human breast tissue samples. Using a pair of degenerate(More)
Combined use of tacrolimus (FK506) with sirolimus (rapamycin [RAPA]) was examined in a model of vascularized heart allograft in the rat. For prevention of acute rejection, three different combinations of low doses of FK506 and RAPA from day 1 up to day 14 after transplantation produced significantly longer cardiac allograft survival than each agent alone(More)
BACKGROUND Our previous studies confirmed that tacrolimus (FK506) and sirolimus [rapamycin (RAPA)], in combination, are not antagonistic but are synergistic in the prolongation of heart and small bowel grafts in the rodent. The aim of this study was to confirm further the synergistic effect of combined FK506 and RAPA in the more clinically relevant model,(More)
BACKGROUND In nonprimates, organ allografts are often not rejected after withdrawal of immunosuppression. In this study, we examined whether such a phenomenon also occurs in primates. METHODS Vervet monkeys were transplanted with renal allografts and treated for 60 days with tacrolimus, or tacrolimus plus sirolimus. The drugs were totally withdrawn on day(More)
The administration of second-generation calcium channel blockers (CCBs) to counteract the adverse effects of conventional immunosuppression gains more and more acceptance. Since these newly developed molecules differ in their chemical structure and possess specific pharmacokinetic profiles, we hypothesized that exposure to clinically relevant concentrations(More)