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The primate striatum contains tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-immunoreactive (ir) neurons, the numbers of which are augmented after dopamine depletion. Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) strongly modulates the viability and phenotypic expression of dopamine ventral mesencephalic neurons. The effect of GDNF on TH-ir neurons intrinsic to the(More)
Autism is characterized by a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations including qualitative impairments in social interactions and communication, and repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior. Abnormal acceleration of brain growth in early childhood, signs of slower growth of neurons, and minicolumn developmental abnormalities suggest multiregional(More)
In order to investigate the correlation between single section (SS) and disector (DS) counts for estimating the pigmented neurons in the pars compacta of the substantia nigra (SNpc), 12 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and seven controls were studied. The SS counts were obtained at the level of the exit of the third cranial nerve in the SNpc. The DS(More)
The disector (DS) is a method by which it is possible to estimate the density of cells in a volume of tissue, and when associated with Cavalieri's principle, the total number of cells of a neural nucleus. Since the introduction of this method, there has been some uncertainty about the value of cell counts estimated using single section (SS). To compare(More)
INTRODUCTION A total of 38 brain cytoarchitectonic subdivisions, representing subcortical and cortical structures, cerebellum, and brainstem, were examined in 4- to 60-year-old subjects diagnosed with autism and control subjects (a) to detect a global pattern of developmental abnormalities and (b) to establish whether the function of developmentally(More)
A novel tile-based algorithm is proposed to achieve real-time synthesis of structural texture. The algorithm operates by the joint use of tiling and feature matching. Firstly, quantitative evaluation of texture regularity is introduced to classify different texture. Secondly, a new geometry-color measure which evaluates texture similarity from both geometry(More)
The long-held belief that degeneration of the cholinergic basal forebrain was central to Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis and occurred early in the disease process has been questioned recently. In this regard, changes in some cholinergic basal forebrain (CBF) markers (e.g. the high affinity trkA receptor) but not others (e.g., cortical choline(More)
Previous studies based on single sections have suggested a significant correlation between pigmented neuronal loss in the substantia nigra (SN) and clinical features in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, disector (DS) counts-unbiased and accurate stereological estimates have not been available. To evaluate total neuron numbers in the pars compacta of the(More)
This study used the dissector method to evaluate pigmented nigral neuronal loss in the substantia nigra pars compacta with age. Dissector counts can be used to estimate the absolute and accurate total neurone numbers. In addition, the area and diameter of the neuronal cell body was estimated by using a computerized morphometric analysis in a single section(More)