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The design and synthesis of 3D covalent organic frameworks (COFs) have been considered a challenge, and the demonstrated applications of 3D COFs have so far been limited to gas adsorption. Herein we describe the design and synthesis of two new 3D microporous base-functionalized COFs, termed BF-COF-1 and BF-COF-2, by the use of a tetrahedral alkyl amine,(More)
The mechanisms underlying cisplatin resistance in tumors are not fully understood. Previous studies have reported that cellular resistance to oxidative stress is accompanied by resistance to cisplatin. However, the relationship between the resistance to oxidative stress and cisplatin drug resistance in human ovarian cancer cells (HOCCs) is not clear. Here,(More)
Electrochemical water splitting is a clean technology that can store the intermittent renewable wind and solar energy in H2 fuels. However, large-scale H2 production is greatly hindered by the sluggish oxygen evolution reaction (OER) kinetics at the anode of a water electrolyzer. Although many OER electrocatalysts have been developed to negotiate this(More)
One of the grand challenges facing humanity today is a safe, clean, and sustainable energy system where combustion no longer dominates. This review proposes that electrochemical energy conversion could set the foundation for such an energy system. It further suggests that a simple switch from an acid to a base membrane coupled with innovative cell designs(More)
The nanorods of cobalt phosphide have been prepared and evaluated as an electrocatalyst for non-enzyme glucose detection. The nanorods were used to modify the surface of an electrode and detect glucose without the help of an enzyme for the first time. The crystal structure and composition of cobalt phosphide were identified by XRD and XPS, respectively, and(More)
A series of poly(2,4-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) hydroxide-exchange membranes (HEMs) with cation strings containing a well-defined number of cations (CS-n) and similar, high ion-exchange capacities are synthesized to investigate the effect of cation distribution on key HEM properties. As the number of cations on each string grows, the size of the ionic(More)
Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are an emerging class of porous crystalline polymers with a wide variety of applications. They are currently synthesized through only a few chemical reactions, limiting the access and exploitation of new structures and properties. Here we report that the imidization reaction can be used to prepare a series of polyimide(More)
An efficient Ag-phosphonium ionomer interface is discovered in HEMFCs, helping enhance oxygen reduction and improve mass transports simultaneously. As a result, a completely-precious-metal-free HEMFC has been fabricated, which shows a cost-normalized power much higher than that of a Pt-based PEMFC benchmark (117 vs. 7.7 W US$(-1)).