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BACKGROUND High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a late mediator of lethal systemic inflammation. Acute liver failure (ALF) has been shown to trigger systemic inflammation in clinical and animal studies. To evaluate the possibility of HMGB1 cytoplasmic translocation in ALF, we determined whether HMGB1 is released in hepatocytes and end organ in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) galactomannan (GM) assay has been used for diagnosing invasive aspergillosis (IA). We aimed to derive a definitive estimate of the overall accuracy of BAL-GM for diagnosing IA. METHODS AND RESULTS We undertook a systematic review of thirty diagnostic studies that evaluated the BAL-GM assay for diagnosing IA. PubMed(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the level of FOXP3 expressed in CD4+ CD39+ T cells in peripheral blood of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and observe the regulation of glucocorticoid on it. METHODS Frequencies of CD4+ CD25+ CD39+, CD4 CD25+ FOXP3+ and CD4+ CD39+ FOXP3+ T cells and levels of FOXP3 protein were analyzed by flow cytometry of 47 SLE(More)
Chronic viral hepatitis B remains a global public health concern. Currently, several drugs, such as lamivudine and telbivudine, are recommended for treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis B. However, there are no conclusive results on the comparison of the efficacy of lamivudine (LAM) and telbivudine (LdT) in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B. To(More)
Liver cells release the high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) protein when exposed to lipopolysaccharides (LPSs). However, the timing and levels of protein released remain unclear. The present study aimed to characterize the secretion of the late pro-inflammatory cytokine HMGB1 by liver L02 and HepG2 cells. The human mononuclear macrophage cell line U937 was(More)
AIM To examine the determinants of maternal-neonatal transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV). METHODS A nested case-control study was conducted in Changsha, Hunan, People's Republic of China from January 1, 2005 to September 31, 2006. To avoid potential maternal blood contamination, we collected vein blood of newborns immediately after birth and before(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the association between myeloperoxidase (MPO) gene polymorphism and coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS Several databases were used to retrieve relevant literature up to March 2013 by keywords. A Meta-analysis was performed by Stata12.0 software to estimate the pooled odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI).(More)
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) detection has previously been used for diagnosing gastric cancer. However, the previous studies failed to make an agreement whether the detection of CTCs contributes to the diagnosis of gastric cancer. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the overall accuracy of CTCs detection for diagnosing gastric(More)
The molecular mechanisms of chronic pain are poorly understood and effective mechanism-based treatments are lacking. Here, we report that mice lacking adenosine deaminase (ADA), an enzyme necessary for the breakdown of adenosine, displayed unexpected chronic mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity due to sustained elevated circulating adenosine. Extending(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis B virus infection remains 1 of the major health threats worldwide. Currently, lamivudine plus adefovir combination therapy or entecavir monotherapy is usually used for the treatment of patients with lamivudine-resistant chronic hepatitis B (CHB). However, there are few systematic comparisons between the efficacy of lamivudine plus(More)