Shu-jun Xu

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N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) containing different GluN2 subunits play distinct roles in synaptic plasticity. Such differences may not only be determined by the channel properties, but also by differential surface distribution and synaptic localization. In the present study, using a Cy3-conjugated Fab fragment of the GFP antibody to label(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the expression profiles of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunits in rats during seizure development and kindled process induced by pentylenetetrazole (PTZ). Using quantitative Western blotting, the levels of NR1, NR2A and NR2B subunits were measured in the cortex and hippocampus of rats at different times after(More)
Rosiglitazone has been known to attenuate neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. In this study, living-cell image, immunocytochemistry, and electrophysiology were used to examine the effects of soluble amyloid-β protein (Aβ) oligomers and rosiglitazone on the synapse formation, plasticity,(More)
The world wide proliferation of mobile phones raises the concern about the health effects of 1800-MHz microwaves on the brain. The present study assesses the effects of microwave exposure on the function of cultured hippocampal neurons of rats using whole cell patch-clamp analysis combined with immunocytochemistry. We showed that chronic exposure (15 min(More)
Rosiglitazone has been known to attenuate neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, Morris water maze test, ELISA and electrophysiological methods were used to examine the role and underling mechanisms of rosiglitazone on Aβ42 oligomer-induced memory impairments. We found that rosiglitazone(More)
AIM To examine the basic expression levels of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor NR1 and NR2B subunits in six brain regions of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats with different visual recognition memory. METHODS Rats were tested by a novel-object-recognition model and grouped into the high and the low visual recognition memory groups. The expression levels of NR1(More)
The neuropeptide cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK) is involved in a variety of brain functions. In the hippocampus, most CCK is released from CCK-positive (CCK+) neurons, but the effects of CCK on CCK+ neurons are poorly understood. We employed primary hippocampal cultures to explore the modulatory effect of CCK on CCK+ neurons. CCK-8S (0.2 μM) was added to(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between basic expression level of NMDA receptor NR1 subunit protein in hippocampus and learning ability of rats. METHODS Using a novel-object recognition model and Morris water maze,the novel-object recognition ability and spatial memory of SD rats were ranked, and grouped as the high (top 20 %) and the low(More)
In central nervous system only a limited number of vesicles exist in the presynaptic terminals. The size and fusion modes of the vesicles were particularly important because of their potential impact on neuronal communications. Efficient methods were needed to analyze the recycling kinetics of synaptic vesicle and the size of readily releasable pool (RRP).(More)
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by accumulation of free cholesterol in lysosomes, mainly due to a mutation in the NPC1 gene. The pathophysiological basis of the neural disorders in NPC, however, is not well understood. We found that the hippocampal field excitatory postsynaptic potential (fEPSP)(More)