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The world wide proliferation of mobile phones raises the concern about the health effects of 1800-MHz microwaves on the brain. The present study assesses the effects of microwave exposure on the function of cultured hippocampal neurons of rats using whole cell patch-clamp analysis combined with immunocytochemistry. We showed that chronic exposure (15 min(More)
N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) containing different GluN2 subunits play distinct roles in synaptic plasticity. Such differences may not only be determined by the channel properties, but also by differential surface distribution and synaptic localization. In the present study, using a Cy3-conjugated Fab fragment of the GFP antibody to label(More)
This study investigates the role of dysregulated cytosolic free calcium ([Ca(2+)]c) homeostasis on microtubule (MT) ring structure in apoptotic cervical cancer (HeLa) cells induced by trichosanthin (TCS), a type I ribosome inactivating protein (RIP). The TCS-induced decrease in cell viability was significantly enhanced in combination with the specific(More)
Dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), an important marker of odontoblast differentiation, is a prerequisite for tooth development and mineralization; however, the molecular mechanisms of both temporal and spatial regulation remain unknown. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) provide an additional level of control beyond that of transcription factors, which regulate(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the expression profiles of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunits in rats during seizure development and kindled process induced by pentylenetetrazole (PTZ). Using quantitative Western blotting, the levels of NR1, NR2A and NR2B subunits were measured in the cortex and hippocampus of rats at different times after(More)
Roles of ionotropic purinergic (P2X) receptors in chronic pain have been intensively investigated. However, the contribution of metabotropic purinergic (P2Y) receptors to pathological pain is controversial. In the present study, using single cell RT-PCR (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) and single cell nested-PCR techniques, we examined the(More)
Rosiglitazone has been known to attenuate neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. In this study, living-cell image, immunocytochemistry, and electrophysiology were used to examine the effects of soluble amyloid-β protein (Aβ) oligomers and rosiglitazone on the synapse formation, plasticity,(More)
AIM To examine the basic expression levels of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor NR1 and NR2B subunits in six brain regions of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats with different visual recognition memory. METHODS Rats were tested by a novel-object-recognition model and grouped into the high and the low visual recognition memory groups. The expression levels of NR1(More)
Rosiglitazone has been known to attenuate neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, Morris water maze test, ELISA and electrophysiological methods were used to examine the role and underling mechanisms of rosiglitazone on Aβ42 oligomer-induced memory impairments. We found that rosiglitazone(More)
AIM To evaluate the effects of global system for mobile communications (GSM) 1800 MHz microwaves on dendritic filopodia, dendritic arborization, and spine maturation during development in cultured hippocampal neurons in rats. METHODS The cultured hippocampal neurons were exposed to GSM 1800 MHz microwaves with 2.4 and 0.8 W/kg, respectively, for 15 min(More)