Shu-ichi Hashimoto

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Jawless vertebrates have acquired immunity but do not have immunoglobulin-type antigen receptors. Variable lymphocyte receptors (VLRs) have been identified in lamprey that consist of multiple leucine-rich repeat (LRR) modules. An active VLR gene is generated by the assembly of a series of variable gene segments, including many that encode LRRs. Stepwise(More)
Engagement of the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) triggers the Ras cascade, but the biological role of the latter in B cell response is unknown. Here, we report that in T cell-dependent response, the role of the Ras cascade is confined to memory B cells and possibly marginal zone B cells. When Ras-dependent BCR signaling was impaired, the generation of IgG(More)
Modifications of histones are reportedly associated with the regulation of immunoglobulin (Ig) gene diversification mechanisms, but the extent of their involvement in promoting sequence alterations at the Ig variable (V) regions still remains to be elucidated. We have previously demonstrated that Ig gene conversion in the B cell line DT40 is accompanied by(More)
The recent emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was caused by a novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV. It spread rapidly to many countries and developing a SARS vaccine is now urgently required. In order to study the immunogenicity of UV-inactivated purified SARS-CoV virion as a vaccine candidate, we subcutaneously immunized mice with UV-inactivated(More)
The demand for rapid and simple development of a vaccine against a newly emerging infectious disease is increasing worldwide. We previously revealed that UV-inactivated severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) virions (UV-V) elicited high levels of humoral immunity and a weak Th0 response in mice immunized subcutaneously.(More)
Here, we describe a protocol for using the ADLib (Autonomously Diversifying Library) system to rapidly generate specific monoclonal antibodies using DT40, a chicken B-cell line that undergoes constitutive gene conversion at both light- and heavy-chain immunoglobulin loci. We previously developed the ADLib system on the basis of our finding that gene(More)
Infection with single strand RNA (ssRNA) viruses, such as influenza A virus, is known to induce protective acquired immune responses, including the production of neutralizing antibodies. Vaccination also causes a reduction in the number of peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) shortly after inoculation, a result which may have undesirable adverse effects. The(More)
Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A), originally identified as a potent growth cone collapsing factor in developing sensory neurons, is now recognized as a key player in immune, cardiovascular, bone metabolism and neurological systems. Here we established an anti-Sema3A monoclonal antibody that neutralizes the effects of Sema3A both in vitro and in vivo. The anti-Sema3A(More)
In order to establish immunological detection methods for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), we established monoclonal antibodies directed against structural components of the virus. B cell hybridomas were generated from mice that were hyper-immunized with inactivated SARS-CoV virion. By screening 2,880 generated hybridomas, we(More)
The viral protein Nef is a key element for the progression of HIV disease. Previous in vitro studies suggested that Nef expression in T-cell lines enhanced TCR signaling pathways upon stimulation with TCR cross-linking, leading to the proposal that Nef lowers the threshold of T-cell activation, thus increasing susceptibility to viral replication in immune(More)