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Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA), a naturally occurring disulfide derivative of octanoic acid, serves as a strong antioxidant and has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of the present study is to investigate the preventive and therapeutic effects of ALA on multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) caused by endotoxemia in rats. Male Wistar(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated whether the effect of estrogen therapy on vascular endothelial function is mediated through increasing the bioavailability of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) and associated antioxidant capacity in ovariectomized (Ovx) rats. DESIGN Aortas of sham-operated, Ovx, and Ovx plus estrogen therapy (Ovx + ET) female Sprague-Dawley rats were(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), an inducible stress protein, has been implicated in cytoprotection against oxidative stress in vitro and in vivo. Estrogens also have antioxidant effects. This study investigated the time course of HO-1 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in the aortas of ovariectomized rats, and the regulatory relationship between(More)
The accumulation of oxygen free radicals and activation of neutrophils are strongly implicated as pathophysiological mechanisms mediating myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has been reported to play a protective role in oxidative tissue injuries. In this study, the cardioprotective activity of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP), an(More)
Wogonin is a flavonoid isolated from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, a traditional Chinese medicine, and it possesses antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of this study is to investigate the in vivo effect of wogonin on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in an open-chest anesthetized rat model, which was induced by 45-minute left coronary(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the beneficial effect of long-term treatment with raloxifene (RAL), a selective estrogen receptor modulator, on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury in ovariectomized (Ovx) rats. METHODS Ovariectomy was performed in female Sprague-Dawley rats 8 weeks old. Ovx rats were treated with RAL 1 or 5(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) activity may modulate hypertension-related accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) in arteries. We tested whether estrogen deficiency induces alterations of vascular collagen, MMP-2, membrane-type 1-MMP (MT1-MMP), or tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2) expression in ovariectomized rats, which may(More)
Sepsis can cause myocardial dysfunction, which contributes to the high mortality of sepsis. Hypertonic saline (HS) has been reported to increase myocardial contractility in sepsis. In the present study, mechanisms of action of HS resuscitation (4 mL of 7.5% NaCl per kilogram) on cardiac function have been evaluated in septic rats. HS was administered 1 h(More)
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens JN68, which has been discussed with regards to its antimicrobial activities, was successfully isolated from healthy chicken intestines in the present study. Using the spot-on-the-lawn antagonism method, the preliminary study indicated that a suspension culture of the B. amyloliquefaciens JN68 strain can inhibit the growth of(More)
Renal fibroblast proliferation is key in renal fibrosis and chronic kidney disease. Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) has been demonstrated to be an important factor that induces cell proliferation in renal fibroblasts. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is also recognized as a factor promoting renal fibroblast proliferation. In addition,(More)