Learn More
The human concentrative (Na(+)-linked) plasma membrane transport proteins hCNT1 and hCNT2 are selective for pyrimidine nucleosides (system cit) and purine nucleosides (system cif), respectively. Both have homologs in other mammalian species and belong to a gene family (CNT) that also includes hfCNT, a newly identified broad specificity pyrimidine and purine(More)
Equilibrative nucleoside transport processes in mammalian cells are either nitrobenzylthioinosine (NBMPR)-sensitive (es) or NBMPR-insensitive (ei). Previously, we isolated a cDNA from human placenta encoding the 456-residue glycoprotein hENT1. When expressed in Xenopus oocytes, hENT1 mediated es-type transport activity and was inhibited by coronary(More)
BACKGROUND Gemcitabine, a pyrimidine analogue of deoxycytidine, is an anticancer nucleoside drug that requires functional plasma membrane nucleoside transporter proteins to reach its intracellular targets and cause cytotoxicity. Because of technical difficulties inherent in studying nucleoside transport in human cells, we rigorously defined gemcitabine(More)
Mammalian equilibrative nucleoside transporters are typically divided into two classes, es and ei, based on their sensitivity or resistance respectively to inhibition by nitrobenzylthioinosine (NBMPR). Previously, we have reported the isolation of a cDNA clone encoding a prototypic es-type transporter, hENT1 (human equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1),(More)
In the present study, one has determined the relative role of plasma membrane equilibrative (Na+-independent) ENT nucleoside transport proteins (particularly ENT2) in the uptake of antiviral nucleoside analogues for comparison with the previously reported drug transport properties of concentrative (Na+-dependent) CNT nucleoside transport proteins. The human(More)
The rat transporter rCNT1 is the archetype of a family of concentrative nucleoside transporters (CNTs) found both in eukaryotes and in prokaryotes. In the present study we have used antibodies to investigate the subcellular distribution and membrane topology of this protein. rCNT1 was found to be expressed predominantly in the brush-border membranes of the(More)
In most mammalian cells nucleoside uptake occurs primarily via broad-specificity, es (e, equilibrative; 5, sensitive to NBMPR inhibition) transporters that are potently inhibited by nitrobenzylthioinosine (NBMPR). These transporters are essential for nucleotide synthesis by salvage pathways in hemopoietic and other cells that lack de novo pathways and are(More)
The human concentrative (Na+-linked) plasma membrane transport proteins hCNT1 and hCNT2, found primarily in specialized epithelia, are selective for pyrimidine nucleosides (system cit) and purine nucleosides (system cif), respectively. Both have orthologs in other mammalian species and belong to a gene family (CNT) that also includes members in lower(More)
We report identification of a new human nucleoside transporter protein by molecular cloning and functional expression of its cDNA. Previously, we used expression selection in Xenopus oocytes to isolate a cDNA from rat jejunal epithelium encoding the pyrimidine-selective Na+-dependent nucleoside transporter rCNT1 (Q.-Q. Huang, S. Y. M. Yao, M. W. L. Ritzel,(More)
1. The human (h) SLC29 family of integral membrane proteins is represented by four members, designated equilibrative nucleoside transporters (ENTs) because of the properties of the first-characterized family member, hENT1. They belong to the widely distributed eukaryotic ENT family of equilibrative and concentrative nucleoside/nucleobase transporter(More)