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OBJECTIVE This study assessed the impact of state media campaigns that prominently feature counter-industry messages on youth cigarette smoking, beyond the effects of price, secular trends, tobacco control efforts, and the national truth campaign. METHODS Rates of youth smoking were compared in three groups of states: (1) those with long funded(More)
Copyright 2006 by Barry Popkin and Shu Wen Ng. All rights reserved. Readers may make verbatim copies of this document for non-commercial purposes by any means, provided that this copyright notice appears on all such copies. ABSTRACT The world has seen a remarkable shift from a period when diets, activity patterns and body composition were characterized by(More)
BACKGROUND It has been well-documented that Americans have shifted towards eating out more and cooking at home less. However, little is known about whether these trends have continued into the 21st century, and whether these trends are consistent amongst low-income individuals, who are increasingly the target of public health programs that promote home(More)
STUDY QUESTION What has been the effect on purchases of beverages from stores in Mexico one year after implementation of the excise tax on sugar sweetened beverages? METHODS In this observational study the authors used data on the purchase of beverages in Mexico from January 2012 to December 2014 from an unbalanced panel of 6253 households providing 205(More)
BACKGROUND The Arabian Gulf nations are undergoing rapid economic development, leading to major shifts in both the traditional lifestyle and the environment. Although the pace of change is brisk, there is a dearth of environmental health research in this region. OBJECTIVE We describe challenges and successes of conducting an environmental epidemiologic(More)
A large number of food policy councils (FPCs) exist in the United States, Canada, and Tribal Nations (N = 278), yet there are no tools designed to measure their members' perceptions of organizational capacity, social capital, and council effectiveness. Without such tools, it is challenging to determine best practices for FPCs and to measure change within(More)
BACKGROUND To date no work has differentiated the effects of age, period, and cohort on physical activity (PA) among Chinese adults, while also considering biological, behavioral, economic, and environmental factors over time. METHODS We used data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) between 1991 and 2011 (20 years). The outcomes of interest(More)
As non-communicable diseases and obesity-related health risks become major public health concerns globally, there is an increased need to quantify the determinants of adverse health conditions and the contextual factors that influence these determinants. This paper estimates the production of health and the demand for health inputs using data from the China(More)
BACKGROUND Examination of historical trends and projections in estimated energy expenditure in Russia is important given the country's economic downturns and growth. METHODS Nationally representative data from the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS) from 1995-2011 was used to determine the metabolic equivalents of task (MET)-hours per week from(More)
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