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Elevated plasma free fatty acid (FFA) levels in obesity may play a pathogenic role in the development of insulin resistance. However, molecular mechanisms linking FFA to insulin resistance remain poorly understood. Oxidative stress acts as a link between FFA and hepatic insulin resistance. NADPH oxidase 3 (NOX3)-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) may(More)
We previously reported decreased glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in hormone-sensitive lipase-null mice (HSL(-/-)), both in vivo and in vitro. The focus of the current study was to gain further insight into the signaling role and regulation of lipolysis in islet tissue. The effect of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) on GSIS was also studied, as(More)
Common bunt, caused by Tilletia caries (DC.) Tul. & C. Tul. and T. laevis J.G Kuhn, is an economically important disease of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) worldwide. The resistance in the winter wheat cultivar ‘Blizzard’ is effective against known races of common bunt in western Canada. The incorporation of resistance from Blizzard into field-ready cultivars(More)
Dysfunction of β-cell is one of major characteristics in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. The combination of obesity and type 2 diabetes, characterized as 'diabesity', is associated with elevated plasma free fatty acids (FFAs). Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of FFA-induced β-cell dysfunction. However, molecular mechanisms(More)
OBJECTIVE Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 is caused by autosomal dominant gain-of-function mutations in the RET proto-oncogene, which includes multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN2A), type 2B (MEN 2B), and familial medullary thyroid carcinoma (FMTC). In this paper we present the phenotype-genotype correlation of 20 unrelated Chinese families with(More)
UNLABELLED Accumulation of cytoplasmic triacylglycerol (TG) underlies hepatic steatosis, a major cause of cirrhosis. The pathways of cytoplasmic TG metabolism are not well known in hepatocytes, but evidence suggests an important role in lipolysis for adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL). We created mice with liver-specific inactivation of Pnpla2, the ATGL(More)
Graves' disease (GD) is one of the most common autoimmune diseases. The immune dysfunction in GD involves the generation of thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) autoantibodies that presumably arise consequent to interactions among dendritic cells (DCs), T cells, and regulatory T (Treg) cells. However, the immunological mechanisms of interactions(More)
By influencing the activity of the PI3K/AKT pathway, IL-6 acts as an important regulator of hepatic insulin resistance. miR-200s have been shown to control growth by regulating PI3K, but the role of miR-200s in the development of hepatic insulin resistance remains unclear. The present study showed that elevated serum concentration of IL-6 is associated with(More)
Coenzyme A (CoA) sequestration, toxicity or redistribution (CASTOR) is predicted to occur in many hereditary and acquired conditions in which the degradation of organic acyl esters of CoA is impaired. The resulting accumulation of CoA esters and reduction of acetyl-CoA and free CoA (CoASH) will then trigger a cascade of reactions leading to clinical(More)