Learn More
We propose a new blind multiuser signal model and detection framework for solving the near-far problem in synchronous CDMA in this paper. Compared with existing blind detectors, the proposed framework requires a minimum number of previously received signals, which is about the number of interfering users, and no subspace separation or sequence estimation.(More)
While numerous algorithms have been proposed for object tracking with demonstrated success, it remains a challenging problem for a tracker to handle large change in scale, motion, shape deformation with occlusion. One of the main reasons is the lack of effective image representation to account for appearance variation. Most trackers use high-level(More)
The prevalence of obesity has steadily increased over the past three decades both in the United States and worldwide. Recent studies have shown the role of dietary polyphenols in the prevention of obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases. Here, we evaluated the impact of commonly consumed polyphenols, including green tea catechins, especially(More)
Peptides as functional biomaterials offer the possibility of incorporating various biological activities required for different biomedical applications. Here, we take advantage of this property of peptide materials and design a DNA delivery vector equipped with multiple functions critical to efficient gene transfection. The Tat peptide, a cationic(More)
The use of fluorescent protein tags has had a huge impact on cell biological studies in virtually every experimental system. Incorporation of coding sequence for fluorescent proteins such as green fluorescent protein (GFP) into genes at their endogenous chromosomal position is especially useful for generating GFP-fusion proteins that provide accurate(More)
Populus euphratica is the only arboreal species that is established in the world's largest shifting-sand desert in China and is well-adapted to the extreme desert environment, so it is widely considered a model system for researching into abiotic stress resistance of woody plants. However, few P. euphratica reference genes (RGs) have been identified for(More)
Multiperson activity recognition in videos is a challenging task, due to the complexity of interactions among multiple persons. In this paper, a new statistical model, named coupled observation decomposed hidden Markov model (CODHMM), is presented to model multiperson activities in videos. A human activity that involves multiple persons is analyzed in two(More)
In the human brain, microRNAs (miRNAs) from the microRNA-376 (miR-376) cluster undergo programmed "seed" sequence modifications by adenosine-to-inosine (A-to-I) editing. Emerging evidence suggests a link between impaired A-to-I editing and cancer, particularly in high-grade gliomas. We hypothesized that disruption of A-to-I editing alters expression of(More)
NETosis, the process wherein neutrophils release highly decondensed chromatin called neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), has gained much attention as an alternative means of killing bacteria. In vivo, NETs are induced by bacteria and pro-inflammatory cytokines. We have reported that peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4), an enzyme that converts Arg or(More)
The failure of current glioma therapies is mainly due to the ability of the tumor cells to invade extensively the surrounding healthy brain tissue, hence escaping localized treatments. Neural stem cells (NSC) are able to home in on tumor foci at sites distant from the main tumor mass, possibly enabling treatment of scattered glioma clusters. To make the(More)