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Sirt1, a NAD-dependent protein deacetylase, is reported to regulate intracellular metabolism and attenuate reactive oxidative species (ROS)-induced apoptosis leading to longevity and acute stress resistance. We created transgenic (TG) mice with kidney-specific overexpression of Sirt1 using the promoter sodium-phosphate cotransporter IIa (Npt2) driven(More)
Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily. Ligand activation of PPARgamma has been shown to cause growth arrest in several human tumor cell types, but the underlying molecular mechanism has not been elucidated. We report here that the PPARgamma ligand troglitazone (TRO) inhibited MCF-7 cell(More)
NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylase Sirt1 regulates cellular apoptosis. We examined the role of Sirt1 in renal tubular cell apoptosis by using HK-2 cells, proximal tubular cell lines with or without reactive oxygen species (ROS), H(2)O(2). Without any ROS, Sirt1 inhibitors enhanced apoptosis and the expression of ROS scavenger, catalase, and Sirt1(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is a ligand-activated nuclear receptor expressed in all of the major cell types found in atherosclerotic lesions: monocytes/macrophages, endothelial cells, and smooth muscle cells. In vitro, PPARgamma ligands inhibit cell proliferation and migration, 2 processes critical for vascular lesion(More)
BACKGROUND Thyroid storm (TS) is life threatening. Its incidence is poorly defined, few series are available, and population-based diagnostic criteria have not been established. We surveyed TS in Japan, defined its characteristics, and formulated diagnostic criteria, FINAL-CRITERIA1 and FINAL-CRITERIA2, for two grades of TS, TS1, and TS2 respectively. (More)
Angiotensin II enhances the development of atherosclerotic lesion in which cellular proliferation and/or migration are critical steps. Although cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, p27, and Rho/Rho-kinase pathway have recently been implicated as factors regulating these events cooperatively, their role in vivo has not been fully elucidated. We evaluated the(More)
AIM Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is a major determinant of the prognosis in end-stage renal diseases (ESRD). The purpose of this study was to examine whether factors associated with arterial stiffness contributed to the development of CVD in patients with ESRD. METHODS CVD (lacunes and carotid/intracranial artery stenosis) was evaluated with brain(More)
BACKGROUND Although Rho-kinase is reported to play an important role in vascular injury, the contribution of Rho-kinase to the progression of renal injury remains unestablished. METHODS We examined the effect of fasudil, a Rho-kinase inhibitor, on the progression of renal injury in subtotally nephrectomized spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Rats were(More)
Angiotensin (Ang) II has been shown to enhance the development of atherosclerotic lesions. Migration of monocytes is an early critical step in the atherosclerotic process. To elucidate mechanisms by which Ang II promotes atherogenesis, we investigated its effects on human monocyte migration. Ang II induced migration of human peripheral blood monocytes(More)
Voltage-dependent Ca channels are classified into several subtypes based on the isoform of their α1 subunits. Traditional Ca channels blockers (CCBs), including nifedipine and amlodipine, act predominantly on L-type Ca channels, whereas novel CCBs such as efonidipine, benidipine and azelnidipine inhibit both L-type and T-type Ca channels. Furthermore,(More)