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The rice bacterial blight pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae is a vascular pathogen that elicits a defensive response through interaction with metabolically active rice cells. In leaves of 12-day-old rice seedlings, the exposed pit membrane separating the xylem lumen from the associated parenchyma cells allows contact with bacterial cells. During(More)
Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea PG4180 produces a chlorosis-inducing phytotoxin, coronatine (COR), which consists of a polyketide component, coronafacic acid (CFA), which is coupled via amide bond formation to coronamic acid (CMA), an ethylcyelopropyl amino acid (aa) derived from isoleucine. P. syringae pv. syringae strains PS51 and PS61, which do not(More)
We report a 68-year-old man who received an IV inoculation of WBCs for an indium radionuclide scan containing 600 to 700 tissue culture infectious doses of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) from an HIV-1-infected individual. The recipient immediately received zidovudine, then was switched to dideoxyinosine and interferon-alpha, but died of(More)
In Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato PT23.2, plasmid pPT23A (101 kb) is involved in synthesis of the phytotoxin coronatine (C. L. Bender, D. K. Malvick, and R. E. Mitchell, J. Bacteriol. 171:807-812, 1989). The physical characterization of mutations that abolished coronatine production indicated that at least 30 kb of pPT23A DNA are required for toxin(More)
Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea PG4180 produces the polyketide phytotoxin coronatine. The coronatine synthesis genes in PG4180 were previously shown to reside on a 90-kb plasmid designated p4180A. In the present study, clones containing a 34-kb region of p4180A were saturated with Tn5, and 71 unique mutations were recombined into p4180A by marker(More)
Two DNA probes were developed to screen for the genes encoding 3'-aminoglycoside phosphotransferase activity in gram-negative bacilli. The 3'-I phosphotransferase [APH(3')I] probe was subcloned from Tn903; the APH(3')II probe was subcloned from Tn5. Each probe proved to be specific for genes corresponding to its own APH(3') subclass and did not hybridize(More)
A cationic peroxidase, PO-C1 (molecular mass 42 kD, isoelectric point 8.6), which is induced in incompatible interactions between the vascular pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv oryzae and rice (Oryza sativa L.), was purified. Amino acid sequences from chemically cleaved fragments of PO-C1 exhibited a high percentage of identity with deduced sequences of(More)
Growth of influenza viruses in embryonated eggs frequently results in the selection of virus variants with amino acid changes near the receptor-binding pocket of the hemagglutinin molecule, yet the mechanism by which this third form of influenza variation occurs (the other two being antigenic drift and shift) has not been clearly defined. Because(More)
Analysis of aminoglycoside-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolated from patients at the Seattle Veterans Administration Medical Center indicated that a single 68-kilobase R factor was responsible for the epidemic spread of low-level resistance to gentamicin, kanamycin, and tobramycin. An examination, by means of the phosphocellulose paper binding assay, of(More)
AVRXa10 from Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae was tagged with a unique hydrophilic octapeptide (FLAG) to permit antibody-mediated identification and purification of the gene product. X. o. pv. oryzae that produced tagged AVRXa10 elicited a hypersensitive response (HR) on rice cultivars containing the resistance gene Xa-10, but not on cultivars lacking Xa-10.(More)