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A computational model of the entire cardiovascular system is established based on multi-scale modeling, where the arterial tree is described by a one-dimensional model coupled with a lumped parameter description of the remainder. The resultant multi-scale model forms a closed loop, thus placing arterial wave propagation into a global hemodynamic(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome develops in a small subset of patients following carotid artery surgery (CAS) performed to treat severe carotid artery stenosis. This syndrome has been found to have a close correlation with cerebral hyperperfusion occurring after CAS. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether and how the anatomy of the(More)
The recent advancement of motion recognition using Microsoft Kinect stimulates many new ideas in motion capture and virtual reality applications. Utilizing a pattern recognition algorithm, Kinect can determine the positions of different body parts from the user. However, due to the use of a single-depth camera, recognition accuracy drops significantly when(More)
Cloud cavitation is potentially the most destructive form of cavitation. When the cloud cavitation is acoustically forced into a collapse, it has the potential to concentrate a very high pressure, more than 100 times the acoustic pressure, at its center. We experimentally investigate a method to control the collapse of high intensity focused ultrasound(More)
The assessment of cardiovascular function is becoming increasingly important for the care of patients with single-ventricle defects. However, most measurement methods available in the clinical setting cannot provide a separate measure of cardiac function and loading conditions. In the present study, a numerical method has been proposed to compensate for the(More)
OBJECTIVE A sufficient understanding of patients' cardiovascular status is necessary for doctors to make the best decisions with regard to the treatment of cardiovascular disease; however, it is often not available because of the limitation of clinical measurements. The objective of this study was to examine whether cardiovascular function can be assessed(More)
A variety of methods have been proposed to noninvasively assess arterial stiffness using single or multiple oscillometric cuffs. A common pitfall of most of such methods is that the individual-specific accuracy of assessment is not clearly known due to an insufficient understanding of the relationships between the characteristics of cuff oscillometry and(More)
In this paper, simulations for needle insertion were performed by using a novel Eulerian hydrocode FEM, which was adaptive for large deformation and tissue fracture. We also performed experiments for the same needle insertion with silicon rubbers and needles, which had conical tips of different angles in order to investigate the accuracy of the simulations.(More)
Ultrasound (US)-mediated gene transfection in the presence of microbubbles is a recently developed and promising non-viral gene delivery method. Optimising the parameters used in ultrasonic transfection is urgently required in order to realise higher transfection efficiencies in clinical settings. This study examined the effect of ultrasound exposure(More)
This study investigated the feasibility of using a digital image analysis system to process the information contained in microradiographs of tooth sections that included dental caries lesions. The results show that by using an aluminum step wedge to provide a range of thickness standards and a sound area of the sample as an internal reference, data on tooth(More)