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X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is an immunodeficiency caused by mutations in the gene coding for Bruton agammaglobulinemia tyrosine kinase (BTK). A database (BTKbase) of BTK mutations lists 544 mutation entries from 471 unrelated families showing 341 unique molecular events. In addition to mutations, a number of variants or polymorphisms have been found.(More)
A molecular linkage analysis in 11 families with X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) localized the XLA gene to the proximal part of the long arm of the human X chromosome. Significant linkage was detected between XLA and loci defined by two polymorphic DNA probes called 19-2 for the DXS3 locus and S21 for the DXS17 locus. Both localize to the region(More)
The defective gene responsible for the recessively inherited immunodeficiency X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) has been shown to encode a cytoplasmic protein tyrosine kinase of the Src family designated Btk (Bruton's tyrosine kinase). To facilitate the search for germline mutations of the Btk gene, we have characterized its genomic structure. Eighteen(More)
The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-chromosome-linked recessive disease characterized by eczema, thrombocytopenia, and immunodeficiency. The disease gene has been localized to the proximal short arm of the X chromosome and recently isolated through positional cloning. The function of the encoded protein remains undetermined. In this study we have(More)
The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a human X-linked immunodeficiency resulting from mutations in a gene (WASP) encoding a cytoplasmic protein implicated in regulating the actin cytoskeleton. To elucidate WASP function, we disrupted the WASP gene in mice by gene-targeted mutation. WASP-deficient mice showed apparently normal lymphocyte development, normal(More)
The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-linked recessive genetic disease in which the molecular defect is unknown. In 15 families with WAS, seven restriction fragment length polymorphic loci from the X chromosome were used to map the disease locus. Of the eight intervals studied, the likelihood of the WAS gene lying between DXS7 (Xp11.3) and DXS14 (Xp11)(More)
Immunodeficiency with hyperimmunoglobulinemia M is a syndrome characterized by normal to elevated serum levels of IgM and low levels or absence of IgG and IgA. The defect in this syndrome is thought to reside within the B lymphocyte, which may be unable to undergo a "switch" in immunoglobulin class from IgM to IgG or IgA. To address this question more(More)