Learn More
Allergic asthma is characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness and pulmonary eosinophilia, and may be mediated by T helper (Th) lymphocytes expressing a Th2 cytokine pattern. Interleukin (IL) 12 suppresses the expression of Th2 cytokines and their associated responses, including eosinophilia, serum immunoglobulin E, and mucosal mastocytosis. We have(More)
A novel gene, designated ML-1, was identified from a human genomic DNA clone and human T cell cDNA sequences. The second exon of ML-1 gene shares significant sequence identity with the gene encoding IL-17 (IL-17). ML-1 gene expression was up-regulated in activated PBMCs, CD4(+) T cells, allergen-specific Th0, Th1, and Th2 clones, activated basophils, and(More)
The effects of central administration of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) on hypothalamic tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic neuron activity and serum prolactin (PRL) levels were reported. Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats overiectomized for 2 weeks, implanted with subcutaneous estrogen-containing(More)
The glutamatergic system may be involved in the effects of neuroprotectant therapies. Echinacoside, a phenylethanoid glycoside extracted from the medicinal Chinese herb Herba Cistanche, has neuroprotective effects. This study investigated the effects of echinacoside on 4-aminopyridine-evoked glutamate release in rat cerebrocortical nerve terminals(More)
Clara cell secretory protein (CC10) is a steroid-inducible protein, and its in vivo function is currently unclear. The role of CC10 in modulation of pulmonary allergic inflammation was examined in mice deficient for the CC10 gene. Wild-type and homozygous CC10-deficient mice were sensitized with an Ag, OVA, and challenged with either OVA or saline. When(More)
Curcumin, one of the major constituents of Curcuma longa, has been shown to inhibit depolarization-evoked glutamate release from rat prefrontocortical nerve terminals by reducing voltage-dependent Ca(2+) entry. This study showed that curcumin inhibited ionomycin-induced glutamate release and KCl-evoked FM1-43 release, suggesting that some steps after Ca(2+)(More)
The development of pulmonary allergic responses was examined in mice following pulmonary transfer of Ag (conalbumin)-specific Th2 cells. The levels of serum-specific IgE, cellular infiltrates, airway mucus goblet cells, and airway responsiveness were analyzed and compared with those in Ag-sensitized and -challenged mice. Pulmonary transfer of the(More)
To investigate the potential application of allergen gene immunization in the modulation of food allergy, C3H/HeSn (C3H) mice received i.m. injections of pAra h2 plasmid DNA encoding one of the major peanut allergens, Ara h2. Three weeks following pDNA immunization, serum Ara h2-specific IgG2a, IgG1, but not IgE, were increased significantly in a(More)
Our study explores the relative efficacy of phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors on antigen-specific Th1 and Th2 clonal responses. Proliferative responses for both phenotypes were down-regulated by the PDE4 inhibitor, rolipram, but not the PDE3 inhibitor, siguazodan. The Th2 clones were more sensitive than the Th1 clones to PDE4 inhibition (P < .05 at 10 and(More)
The citrus flavonoid hesperidin exerts neuroprotective effects and could cross the blood-brain barrier. Given the involvement of glutamate neurotoxicity in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders, this study was conducted to evaluate the potential role of hesperidin in glutamate release and glutamate neurotoxicity in the hippocampus of rats. In rat(More)