Shu Juan Zhuo

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The urokinase receptor (uPAR) binds and localizes urokinase activity at cellular surfaces, facilitating fibrinolysis and cellular migration at sites of tissue injury. uPAR also participates in cellular signaling and regulates integrin-dependent adhesion and migration in vitro. We now report evidence that uPAR occupancy regulates cellular migration in vivo(More)
Urokinase receptor antagonists based on the growth factor domains of both human and murine urokinase which show sub-nanomolar affinities for their homologous receptors have been expressed as recombinant proteins. Further modification of these molecules by preparing fusions with the constant region of human IgG has led to molecules with high affinities and(More)
OBJECTIVE Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) has been reported to induce insulin resistance through inflammation in high-fat-fed mice. However, the physiological role of TLR4 in metabolism is unknown. Here, we investigated the involvement of TLR4 in fasting metabolism. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Wild-type and TLR4 deficient (TLR4(-/-)) mice were either fed or(More)
Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) is a promising antitumor target. Novel NAMPT inhibitors with diverse chemotypes are highly desirable for development of antitumor agents. Using high throughput screening system targeting NAMPT on a chemical library of 30000 small-molecules, we found a non-fluorescent compound F671-0003 and a fluorescent(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum quality control protein activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) has emerged as a novel metabolic regulator. Here, we show that adenovirus-mediated overexpression of the dominant-negative form of ATF6 (dnATF6) increases susceptibility to develop hepatic steatosis in diet-induced insulin-resistant mice and fasted mice.(More)
It has been reported that some small noncoding RNAs are involved in the regulation of insulin sensitivity. However, whether long noncoding RNAs also participate in the regulation of insulin sensitivity is still largely unknown. We identified and characterized a long noncoding RNA, regulator of insulin sensitivity and autophagy (Risa), which is a poly(A)(+)(More)
Nanometer-sized L-cysteine-capped ZnS particles have been synthesized and used as a fluorescence probe to investigate the effect of proteins on fluorescent intensity. With Delta lambda=190 nm, maximum and constant synchronous fluorescence enhancement was produced at 267 nm and pH 5.12 in the presence of proteins. A highly sensitive synchronous fluorescence(More)
FAM3B, also named PANDER, is a cytokine-like protein identified in 2002. Previous studies showed that FAM3B regulates glucose and lipid metabolism through interaction with liver and endocrine pancreas. FAM3B is also expressed by other tissues but its basic function is unclear. In this study, we found that FAM3B was expressed in mouse colon, intestine, liver(More)
AIMS Lower androgen level in elderly men is a risk factor of Alzheimer's disease (AD). It has been reported that androgen reduces amyloid peptides (Aβ) production and increases Aβ degradation by neurons. Activated microglia are involved in AD by either clearing Aβ deposits through uptake of Aβ or releasing cytotoxic substances and pro-inflammatory(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a new class of regulatory molecules implicated in type 2 diabetes, which is characterized by insulin resistance and hepatic glucose overproduction. We show that miRNA-451 (miR-451) is elevated in the liver tissues of dietary and genetic mouse models of diabetes. Through an adenovirus-mediated gain- and loss-of-function study, we found(More)