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The effect of pulsed low-intensity ultrasound (PLIUS) on human articular chondrocytes was evaluated in an in vitro 3-D agarose gel culture model. Chondrocytes isolated from young children's articular cartilage of ablated polydactylia were embedded in gel after expansion and exposed to PLIUS on the third day after embedding. Another group of cells was(More)
OBJECTIVE Several studies have shown that soy isoflavones have estrogen-like activities and might constitute an alternative to hormone replacement treatment. The present study investigated the effects of soy isoflavones alone and combined with vitamin D3 on prevention of bone loss. METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were sham-operated (n = 8) or ovariectomized(More)
Phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) is a naturally occurring cruciferous vegetable-derived compound that inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis in oral cancer cells. However, the exact mechanism of PEITC action has not been fully elucidated. This study investigated the molecular mechanism and anticancer potential of PEITC in oral squamous cell carcinoma(More)
BACKGROUND Arecoline, the most abundant areca alkaloid, has been reported to stimulate reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in several cell types. Overproduction of ROS has been implicated in atherogenesis. Hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) has cytoprotective activities in vascular tissues. This study investigated the effect of arecoline on adhesion molecule(More)
Caffeine consumption has been related to loss of body weight and modulates lipid metabolism. However, impacts of caffeine on adipogenic differentiation have not been well determined yet. The present study evaluated the effects of caffeine on adipogenesis using primary rat adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) and a mouse bone marrow stromal cell line (M2-10B4)(More)
Genistein, a soy isoflavone, has a wide range of biological actions that suggest it may be of use in cancer prevention. We have recently reported that it arrests hepatoma cells at G2/M phase and inhibits Cdc2 kinase activity. In the present study, we examined the signaling pathway by which genistein modulates Cdc2 kinase activity in HepG2 cells and leads to(More)
Metastatic prostate cancer progresses from androgen-dependent to androgen-independent. Terazosin, a long-acting selective alpha1-adrenoreceptor antagonist, induces apoptosis of prostate cancer cells in an alpha1-adrenoreceptor-independent manner, while genistein, a major soy isoflavone, inhibits the growth of several types of cancer cells. The present study(More)
Arginine is a physiological substrate for nitric oxide synthase to generate nitric oxide (NO), which can influence tumor cell survival, while ascorbic acid is selectively toxic for cancer cells. This study explored the effect of an arginine/ascorbic acid combination on human cancer cell lines. The hepatoma cell line HA22T/VGH was the most sensitive of the(More)
Genistein, biochanin-A, and daidzein, the predominant soy isoflavones, have been reported to lower the risk of cancer, but it is not known whether they protect against human hepatoma cancer. This study was designed to investigate their effects on cell growth, the cell cycle, and apoptosis induction in the human hepatoma cell lines, HepG2, Hep3B, Huh7, PLC,(More)
Genistein has been reported to be a natural chemopreventive in several types of human cancer. In our prior study, soy isoflavones were shown to induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of bladder cancer cells in the range of human urine excretion. This study was designed to identify the novel molecular basis underlying anti-angiogenic activities of soy(More)