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We identified the sequence-specific starting positions of consecutive miscalls in the mapping of reads obtained from the Illumina Genome Analyser (GA). Detailed analysis of the miscall pattern indicated that the underlying mechanism involves sequence-specific interference of the base elongation process during sequencing. The two major sequence patterns that(More)
The assembly of ring-like structures, composed of FtsZ proteins (i.e. the Z ring), is the earliest and most essential process in bacterial cytokinesis. It has been shown that this process is directly regulated by the FtsZ-binding proteins, FtsA, ZapA, and EzrA, in Bacillus subtilis. In this study, protein complexes that are involved in Z-ring formation were(More)
The initiation of bacterial chromosome DNA replication and its regulation are critical events. DnaA is essential for initiation of DNA replication and is conserved throughout bacteria. In Escherichia coli, hydrolysis of ATP-DnaA is promoted by Hda through formation of a ternary complex with DnaA and DnaN, ensuring the timely inactivation of DnaA during the(More)
Bacterial chromosome replication is initiated by binding of DnaA to a DnaA-box cluster (DBC) within the replication origin (oriC). In Bacillus subtilis, six additional DBCs are found outside of oriC and some are known to be involved in transcriptional regulation of neighboring genes. A deletion mutant lacking the six DBCs (Δ6) initiated replication early.(More)
Heat-stable nucleoid-structuring protein (H-NS) is one of the main nucleoid proteins expressed in exponentially growing Escherichia coli cells. In addition to a role in nucleoid organization, H-NS functions as a pleiotropic regulator of gene expression. The genome-wide distribution of H-NS, compared with the distribution of RNA polymerase and(More)
AbrB is a global transcriptional regulator of Bacillus subtilis that represses the expression of many genes during exponential growth. Here, we demonstrate that AbrB and its homolog Abh bind to hundreds of sites throughout the entire B. subtilis genome during exponential growth. Comparison of regional binding of AbrB and Abh in wild-type, ΔabrB and Δabh(More)
The RapA and RapB proteins are aspartyl phosphate phosphatases that specifically dephosphorylate the Spo0F approximately P intermediate response regulator of the phosphorelay signal transduction system for sporulation initiation in Bacillus subtilis. The approximately 48-kDa His-tag derivative proteins were purified by metal affinity chromatography, and(More)
We developed a modified ChIP-chip method, designated ChAP-chip (Chromatin Affinity Precipitation coupled with tiling chip). The binding sites of Bacillus subtilis Spo0J determined using this technique were consistent with previous findings. A DNA replication initiator protein, DnaA, formed stable complexes at eight intergenic regions on the B. subtilis(More)
Teichoic acids and acidic capsular polysaccharides are major anionic cell wall polymers (APs) in many bacteria, with various critical cell functions, including maintenance of cell shape and structural integrity, charge and cation homeostasis, and multiple aspects of pathogenesis. We have identified the widespread LytR-Cps2A-Psr (LCP) protein family, of(More)
Coordination of chromosome segregation and cytokinesis is crucial for efficient cell proliferation. In Bacillus subtilis, the nucleoid occlusion protein Noc protects the chromosomes by associating with the chromosome and preventing cell division in its vicinity. Using protein localization, ChAP-on-Chip and bioinformatics, we have identified a consensus(More)