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The global precedence hypothesis (Navon, 1977) assumes that the processing of the global level of a hierarchical pattern precedes that of the local level. To explore further the nature of global and local processing of compound stimuli, we recorded the event-related brain potentials (ERPs) associated with ident@ing the global and local levels of(More)
OBJECTIVE The mechanism of visual spatial attention elicited by peripheral cueing was investigated in two studies. METHOD Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded when the subjects were performing a spatial frequency discrimination task and a location discrimination task. Stimuli were randomly flashed in the left or right visual field. Prior to each(More)
The present study investigated how attention to global or local levels of hierarchical patterns modulates brain activities by recording high-density event-related brain potentials (ERPs) evoked by hierarchical stimuli. 120-channel recordings of ERPs were obtained from subjects while they detected targets at global or local levels of hierarchical stimuli(More)
Recent imaging studies indicated the existence of two visual pathways in humans: a ventral stream for object and form vision and a dorsal stream for spatial and motion vision. The present study was motivated by a stimulating question: Supposing shape and motion are processed separately in the two pathways, how do the respective cortical areas respond to the(More)
Mutations of the breast cancer susceptibility gene BRCA1 confer increased risk for breast, ovarian, and prostatic cancers, but it is not clear why the mutations are associated with these particular tumor types. In transient transfection assays, BRCA1 was found to inhibit signaling by the ligand-activated estrogen receptor (ER-alpha) through the(More)
We present a measurement of the time-dependent CP-violating (CPV) asymmetries in B0-->K(0)(S)pi(0) decays based on 124x10(6) Upsilon(4S)-->BB decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B factory at SLAC. In a sample containing 122+/-16 signal decays, we obtain the magnitudes of the direct CPV asymmetry(More)
Previous event-related potential (ERP) studies have shown that selectively attending to a relevant stimulus feature was associated with selection negativity (SN) components. The present study aimed at investigating the ERP indices of attentional selection based on forms defined by motion (kinetic forms). ERPs were recorded from subjects who attended(More)
The role played by central neurotransmitters in acupuncture analgesia was evaluated by correlating neurochemical changes in central nervous system with the acupuncture effect, as well as modification of the acupuncture effects by pharmacological manipulations of central neurotransmitters. The results of experimental studies which were performed mainly on(More)
The analgesic effect produced by electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation in the rat was dose-dependently antagonized by cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) or intrathecally (i.th) at a dose range of 0.25-4 ng. This effect had an immediate onset and lasted for at least 4 h. CCK-8 per se, however, did not affect(More)