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Asparagus officinalis is an economically and nutritionally important vegetable crop that is widely cultivated and is used as a model dioecious species to study plant sex determination and sex chromosome evolution. To improve our understanding of its genome composition, especially with respect to transposable elements (TEs), which make up the majority of the(More)
The decomposition of organic compounds by bacteria has been studied for almost a century, during which time selective enrichment culture has generated microorganisms capable of metabolizing thousands of organic compounds. But attempts to obtain pure cultures of bacteria that can metabolize highly halogenated compounds, a large and important class of(More)
Biological reductive dehalogenation reactions are important in environmental detoxification of organohalides. Only scarce information is available on the enzymology underlying these reactions. Cytochrome P450CAM with a known X-ray structure and well-studied oxygenase reaction cycle, has been studied for its ability to reduce carbon-halogen bonds under(More)
The thermal behavior of polyester-polyurethane and polyether-polyurethane in air atmosphere was investigated by using FTIR analysis in the temperature range from 20 to 400 degrees C. The thermal degradation behaviors of polyester-polyurethane and polyether-polyurethane in different atmospheres were investigated by using thermogravimetry analysis (TG) in the(More)
As a protein expression vector, the baculovirus demonstrates many advantages over other vectors. With the development of biotechnology, baculoviral vectors have been genetically modified to facilitate high level expression of heterologous proteins in both insect and mammalian cells. These modifications include utilization of different promoters and signal(More)
Trichloroethylene was oxidized by purified toluene dioxygenase obtained from recombinant E. coli strains. The major oxidation products were formic acid and glyoxylic acid. Other potential products, dichloroacetic acid, chloral, phosgene, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide, were not detected. [14C]trichloroethylene became covalently attached to protein(More)
Spinach has long been used as a model for genetic and physiological studies of sex determination and expression. Although trisomic analysis from a cross between diploid and triploid plants identified the XY chromosome as the largest chromosome, no direct evidence has been provided to support this at the molecular level. In this study, the largest(More)
Previous studies have shown that CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α (C/EBPα) plays a very important role during adipocyte terminal differentiation and that AP-2α (activator protein 2α) acts as a repressor to delay the expression of C/EBPα. However, the mechanisms by which AP-2α prevents the expression of C/EBPα are not fully understood. Here, we present(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Due to the protective effect of estrogen against hepatic fat accumulation, the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in premenopausal women is lower than that in men at the same age and in postmenopausal women. Our study was to further elucidate an underlying mechanism by which estrogen prevents NAFLD from miRNA(More)
Δ(8)-Sphingolipid desaturase is the key enzyme that catalyses desaturation at the C8 position of the long-chain base of sphingolipids in higher plants. There have been no previous studies on the genes encoding Δ(8)-sphingolipid desaturases in Brassica rapa. In this study, four genes encoding Δ(8)-sphingolipid desaturases from B. rapa were isolated and(More)